The Agricultural Revolution

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The Neolithic Revolution is the term for the first agricultural revolution. This revolution in particular is characterized by the transition from hunting and gathering to that of agriculture. Twelve thousand years ago history had changed itself. Ninety percent of the human race gave up hunting game and gathering fruits, vegetables, and grasses to practice agriculture, the growing of crops and domesticating animals. Once agriculture was established the effect it had on peoples’ lives was revolutionary. This led to a drastic change, one with a definite beginning point. The Neolithic Revolution began 10,000 years ago, after the last ice age. The weather began to get warmer which led to a change in patterns of plant and animal life. The hunter-gatherer way of life was hard to maintain at this point seeing as how they had to follow the animals and plants as the seasons changed. Not only was it difficult moving from place to place constantly, their home life was difficult too. The men, being more robust were left to hunt. They were usually faster than the women and could lift more, so this became their primary role. The women assumed the role of caring for the children along with cooking and other house hold chores. The women as well did some of the gathering. Ultimately what made this difficult was that the men were never home as the women were night and day. In the 1800s farming and the study of agriculture began, leaving old ways in the past. Now that the old way of life had come to an end people could begin to live more sedentary lives, meaning settling permanently. People were now living in fixed dwellings that would soon turn into villages; also more babies were being born which led to a population increase from that of the approximate 150 small communities in the past. New social structures were created as well was cultural values were being recognized. The two major components of the agricultural revolution were the domestication of plants and animals. This...
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