January 10, 2013
Chapter 11: The Age of Imperialism
1. Motivation for European imperialism came from technology, the Industrial Revolution, and colonization in Africa. European imperialists were so successful because of the steam engine improving transportation throughout the continent. The Maxim gun was quickly granted by countries during the time African armies were still depending on antique weaponry. The steam engine provided easier ways to travel deep within Africa. Colonies and controlling nations were able to have close communication through cables and railroads. Although industrialization agitated initiatives in many nations, they looked at Africa as a source for markets and raw materials. The Industrial Revolution accommodated many European countries with consideration toward adding lands to their power. They searched for new markets and raw materials to improve their economies. Colonization was easier to handle mainly because of Africa’s huge variety of cultures intimidated unity among one another.
2. Two steps taken by the British to gain economic, political, or social control over Nigeria related to management methods such as shaping the economies to gain benefits and getting people to adopt European customs. One way was through compromising with the Nigerians socially. Some agreed on treaties of protection and accept British residents. Those who opposed the interference rebelled against the foreign affair. The British organized a conquest of northern Nigeria that was proficient through the Royal Niger Company. It was earned control through the trade along the Niger River. Another reason was the fact the economically, Europeans were advancing toward using imperialism to gain power over Nigeria by also using indirect control. The Berlin Conference handed Britain a protectorate over landscapes. It was imperative to not only claim a territory but also to administer the citizens living there. Nigeria turned out...