CHAPTERS 7 & 8
Unit Name: The Age of Absolutism ; Cultural and Political Horizons ( The New Philosophy of Science ) Time Frame: 1600 – 1700’s
1.Define the name of the unit .
The Age of Absolutism thrashed out theories of absolutism from theorist such as, Thomas Hobbes . It characterized absolute rule ; monarchs and nobles, state structures expanding , absolutism and welfare , absolutism and religion , monumentalism in architecture and art , matters that Louis XIV carried out , and limits of French absolutism . It exclaims the balance of power with the origins of international law and the Habsburg monarchy and the rise of Prussia . It clarified the Russian and Swedish empires with expansion of Muscovy , the rival Swedish empire and Peter the Great and Louis XIV . The Age of absolutism talked about the modern states as well . New Cultural and Political Horizons was the start of the scientific movement , The New Philosophy of Science . It thrashed out how citizens started to change their views about the Universe . Immense contributors to the new views , were Copernicus , Galilei , Harvey , Brahe , Kepler , Bacon , Descartes , and Newton . But the Scientific revolution had its consequences . 2.What is (are) the primary contributions of the period to the course of modern history? Why? The creation of modern science was influenced by discoveries and experiment . The telescope was great contribution that led to many discoveries .
3.If you were man on the streets during this time period , what would be the vocabulary terms you would hear the most ? Why ? A man on the streets would probably talk about Junkers , because they were probably serfs . Junkers were Russian Lords , Polish Nobles , and Prussian nobles who increased their wealth and power and extending their estates worked by serfs .
4.What are the greatest political events of the time period? Why? Louis XIV started to get in depth about the legitimacy of all titles , therefore in 1668 he ordered the investigation of false noble holding and this helped him maintain the loyalty of nobles . Louis was confident and powerful and restored monarchial authority by ending the noble’s rebel and putting down peasant resistance to the increasing of taxes . The Fronde (1600s) was when France first experienced the regency of Louis’s mother , ordinary people entered the fight wanting lower taxes because of the economy failing . The Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I , elected in 1658 (r.1658-1705) , was the Holy Roman Emperor , duke of the upper and lower Sitsesia , count of Tyrol , Archduke of upper and Austria , King of Bohemia , Prince of Transavania , King Of Hungary , Slavionia , Daltmatia and Croatia and titular ruler of Lombardy , Styria and Moravia . The Table of Ranks divided up the nobles . This made a change in the century by the Kings of Sweden , Denmark , Prussia , and Russia and the nobles privileges where granted by the monarchs . Peter the Great (r.1682-1725) westernized Russia and was the founder of St.Petersburg and he imposed and order of state made by bloody uprisings transforming Muscovy to a Russian Empire Ivan “The Terrible” , captivated parts of the Mongol states to the east and drove back the Muslim Tartars c& Volga river basins . He was raised in violence which made his mind to go crazy and he was paranoid , after he died the period of Muscovy emerged in the “Times of Troubles” . Frederick Williams , the “Great Elector” , ( r. 1640 -1688 ) of Brandenburg and he had no standing army because he had no resources to have one . In 1653 he convinced the Junkers to grant him funds so he could now build and army for royal privileges in return . He rose taxes and he also recruited peasants to be soldiers and Junkers and offices . The War of the Holy League (1686-1687) , Hapsburg armies recaptured most of Hungary and the eastern provinces of Transavania from the Turks , and much of...