The Aftermath of the Spanish-American War and Brutality in the Phillipines

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In order to accurately respond to the question of whether or not the American forces in the Philippines after the Spanish-American war and during the Philippine-American war were in fact brutal, we must first look at why the wars started in the first place. The Philippine-American war was sparked from the Spanish-American war. Spain owned the Philippines at the time and the American government wanted to take down the Spanish from all sides and the Filipino government was all too eager to help them. They wanted their independence, so at first there were factions of the military who fought alongside the United States to drive the Spanish out. However the U.S. got greedy after a swift victory and the prospect of gaining new territory was all too enticing to pass up. So, the U.S. turned on its promise to the Filipino government to help them establish their independence and tried to take over for themselves. However the Filipino government was not so easily cooperative and they felt betrayed—and rightfully so— by the United States and they felt that they had to make a run for their independence now since they were already in the midst of war. One of the leaders of the Philippine war was Emilio Aguinaldo. He led the Filipino revolutionists to victory against the Spanish army. However, unbeknownst to the Filipinos, American forces had secretly signed an agreement with Governor-General Fermin Jaudenes of the Spanish army. They agreed that the city of Manila, was to only be surrendered to the American forces under the false pretenses of a mock battle and that no Filipinos would be allowed to enter the city. Spain was burnt by their defeat and saw that the only way to have some sort of victory was to not let the Filipinos have independence by secretly helping the Americans—blinded by their own greed for expansion— to become the ruling force in the Philippines. (1) As a result, the Spanish government ceded the Philippines to the United States in the 1898 Treaty of Paris,...
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