The adventure of Odysseus
What is an Epic? A long narrative poem about a legendary hero. Homer
• thought to be blind, but describes events as a seeing person • lived around 1200 B.C.E
• From Troy, the ships first made land at Ismarus.
• Ismarus – City of Ciconians
• Odysseus lost six men from each ship.
• Odysseus continued their sailing.
• They were overtaken by a storm which drove them for NINE DAYS along the sea till they reached the country of the Lotus-eaters. Country of the Lotus-eaters
• Odysseus sent three of his men to discover who the inhabitants were. • These men were kindly entertained by the Lotus-eaters, and were given some of their own food, the lotus plant, to eat. • The effect of this food was such that those who ate of it lost all thoughts of home and wished remain in that country. • It was by main force that Odysseus dragged these men away, and he was even obliged to tie them under the benches of his ships. Country of Cyclopes
• The Cyclopes were giants, who inhabited the island of which they were the only possessors. • The name “Cyclops” means “round eye”.
• They were called “round eye” because they had but one eye, and that placed in the middle of the forehead. • They lived in caves, and they shepherds.
• Odysseus left the main ship at anchor, and with one vessel went to the Cyclopses’ island to explore for supplies. • He landed with his companions, carrying with them a jar of wine for a present, and coming to a large cave they entered it, and finding no one within examined its contents. • They found it stored with the richest of the flock, quantities of cheese, pails and bowls of milk, lambs and kids in their pens, all nice order. • The master of cave, Polyphemus, arrived, bearing an immense bundle of firewood. • He rolled to the cave’s mouth an enormous rock, that twenty oxen could not draw. • Then, turning round his great eye, he discerned the strangers, and growled out to them, demanding who they were, and where from. • Odysseus replied most humbly, stating that they were Greeks, from the great expedition that had lately won so much glory. • Polyphemus did not answer, but reaching out his hands seized two of the Greeks, who he hurled again the side of the cave, and dashed out their brains. • He proceeded to devour them with great relish, and having made a hearty meal, he slept on the floor. • Odysseus was tempted to seize the opportunity and plunge his sword into him as he slept, but he realized that it would only expose them to all certain destruction, as the rock with which the giant had closed up the door was far beyond their power to remove. • Next morning seized two more of the Greeks, and did the same manner. • He then moved away the rock from the door, drove out his flocks, went out. • When he was gone Odysseus planned how he might take vengeance for his murdered friends, and affects his escape with his surviving companions. • He made his men prepare a massive bar of wood.
• They sharpened the end of it, and seasoned it in the fire, and hid it on the floor. • Then four of the noblest men were selected, with whom Odysseus joined himself as a fifth. • The Cyclops came home at evening, rolled away the stone and drove in his flock as usual. • After milking them and making his arrangements as before, he seized two more of Odysseus’ companions and dashed their brains out, and made his evening meal. • After he had eaten, approached him and offered him wine. • He took and drank it and was hugely delighted with it, and called for more. • Odysseus supplied him once again, which pleased the giant so much that he promised him as a favor that he should be the last to be eaten by him. • Polyphemus asked Odysseus name, to which Odysseus replied, “Noman”. • After his supper, the giant lay down, and was soon found...