The advantages and disadvantages of technology
The world moves and develops all the time. Technology has also advanced over time. In recent years, advanced technology has caused many significant changes in some specific areas. Because of this, human society is improving possibly faster than at any point in history. Whilst in the past technology was described as a method of creating some new inventions, today it drives the development of human civilization and puts emphasis on using scarce resources to make life and work increasingly efficient. Technology is defined as "...the know-how and creative processes that may assist people to utilise tools, resources and systems to solve problems and to enhance control over the natural and made environment in an endeavour to improve the human condition." (UNESCO, 1985) However, technology has not only brought positive changes to the world. This essay will therefore analyze the advantages and disadvantages of technology in modern life. It will begin first by discussing the benefits in areas such as factory farming, education and mobile phones, then look at the drawbacks in these same areas, and finally a brief conclusion will be made.
Technology has brought many benefits to the modern world. One of the main advantages is in factory farming. Factory farming can be defined as using factory techniques on a farm. First of all, factory farming techniques have allowed farmers to produce more food to feed more people (Jackson, 2009, P14). The large output helps to solve the food crisis. Therefore, starvation is one of the thorniest problems can be get over by the increasing output of food. Another advantage in factory farming is keeping production costs down for farmers (Jackson, 2009, P14). The lower cost promotes farmers to produce more and the supply also increases. A final advantage is that low food prices can be supplied for consumers and the rising consumption pushes the increase of GDP (Jackson, 2009, P14). Another benefit of technology is in education. For example, students with more technological skills will have better career opportunities. Those students who gain technological literacy will have an advantage over others when they graduate and enter the workforce, as more than half the jobs in the world now require knowledge of technology (Brown, 2010, P30). Also, as Brown (2010, P30) pointed out, technology can allow greater access to education. Some methods such as distance education, educational software and other technology-based learning aids will be used to expand student's areas of study for students whose schools offer limited curriculums. The capacity of learning is therefore improved through high technology. Furthermore, it is believed that technology helps student learn faster and better because technology makes learning more enjoyable. Some measures should be taken to create a new different style of teaching condition, for instance, The New Line Learning Academy is currently being rebuilt into the classroom of the future. The new facilities, which opened in 2010, boast touch screens, facial recognition technology and even mood lighting (BBC, 2010, P32). Students' curiosities for study are satisfied by these creative and interesting equipments. One other advantage is in mobile phones, which are connected with advancing healthcare in developing countries. Mobile telephones allow patients who are unable to travel to clinics or hospitals to consult with medical professionals. This is particularly important for patients who live in rural areas, because most doctors in developing countries are concentrated in urban areas (Coach, 2010, P26). There is a big economic difference between poor areas and rich areas; the quality of medical healthcare, therefore, depends on the development of the economy to a great extent. On the other hand, mobile telephones are being used to improve public health in the developing world. In particular, Short Message Service (SMS) is an...
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