Student number: 201209818
English for Academic Purposes
A discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of human cloning. Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a human. In this essay the discussion is based on some of the advantages and disadvantages of human cloning. There are many benefits of human cloning. These areas of benefit include replacements of organs for transplant, help with fertility, possible cure for heart attacks and reverse aging process. Dr Richard Seed suggested that it may someday be possible to reverse the aging process because of what we learn from cloning. Human cloning will therefore be the first and only required step for significantly extending the useful human life span and it will permit certain transfer of helpful genes from one generation to the next. Human cloning could be used to prevent heart attacks. Cancer patients can be treated for cancer by cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into the areas of the heart that have been damaged, cells can be switched on and off through cloning and thus be able to cure cancer. Scientists still do not know exactly how cells differentiate into specific kinds of tissue nor do they understand why cancerous cells lose their differentiation. Cloning at long last, may be the key to understanding, differentiation and cancer. They may be able to clone kidneys for kidney transplants. Sabine Reinhold (2002) stated that “embryonic stem cells can be grown to produce organs or tissues to repair or replace damaged ones “. Skin for burned victims, brain cells for the brain damaged can be produced. Victims of terrible accidents that deform the face will be able to have their features repaired with new, safer, technology. Limbs for amputees may be able to be regenerated. Washington Times (Dec 11, 1997) states that “cloning touted as infertility solution”. With cloning, infertile couples could have children with a much higher success...