With the development of Internet, transportation and closer relationship between countries, nowadays we heard of “globalization” more frequently in the daily life. Different countries and the people from different places have more connection and communication with each other than before. This is a human social phenomenon. In this big world stage, more relation not only means more opportunities, but also more competition. To research the advantages and disadvantages of globalization can help to catch the chance and avoid the risk and maintain a momentum of healthy development. In this essay, I will briefly talk about what is globalization and its effects to different areas at the beginning. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages will be presented to show how these factors influence the developed and developing country respectively. Last part is the conclusion as well as some personal comments.
1, what is globalization
2, effects: A, Economy B, culture C, political
3, the advantages and disadvantages of globalization
4, the influence of globalization in developing countries
1. what is globalization:
The globalization is just a concept which generally means an increase of global connections, the human life based on the global scale and an increase of global consciousness. The politics and economic trade rely on each other. The globalization can be recognized as the integration of the world. Actually, Globalization is not a new phenomenon，which not happened in recent years. In ancient time, China exported tea and silk to Europe. That the west Europe started colonial times can be considered as the beginning of the globalization. It began at the end of the nineteenth century, but it slowed down during the period from the start of the First World War to the third quarter of the twentieth century. However, the paces of globalization picked up speed during the fourth quarter of the twentieth century (1)
A. Economy: The emergence of market makes the goods exportation more easily. International trades make the industrial companies develop fast. Meanwhile, the companies should upgrade their products, and adopt advanced technology in order to be faced with more competition. B. Culture: The globalization of culture means more information and more communication with other countries. These influences mostly show in language, religion and communication. More people learn foreign languages, and intercultural communication becomes more and more important. C. Politics: The development of globalization leads to the decrease of the importance of the state. After the establishment of WTO, G8 and EU, more international organizations are taking place of super-power. 3. The advantages and disadvantages of globalization:
A，Advantages: Globalization provides convenience to the international trade and business and more opportunities are supplied to countries to help them to do what they can do best. It leads to the free trade between nations. Hence goods and services produced in one country can be increasingly available to all around the world. Globalization is very beneficial for companies to purchase cheaper goods all over the world and can also have a big market to sell their products, so companies can save their cost and also make more profit. Furthermore, countries benefit from globalization. They can focus on what they need to be strengthened and improved, and it is good for their development. Consumers get more benefits. They get a much wider variety of products to choose and get the products they want at more competitive prices. With the development of technology and Internet, nowadays, we can get more information than before. That is good for people from different places to know each other. For cultural part, there are some conflicts between different cultures, but intercultural...