The Advancement of Civil Rights Movement
(1) The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., unanimously agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. – It was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students and denying black children equal educational opportunities unconstitutional. (2) Fourteen-year-old Chicagoan Emmett Till is visiting family in Mississippi when he is kidnapped, brutally beaten, shot, and dumped in the Tallahatchie River for allegedly whistling at a white woman. The case becomes a cause célèbre of the civil rights movement. – He was an African American boy from Chicago, Illinois, who was murdered at the age of 14 in Money, Mississippi, a small town in the state's Delta region, after reportedly whistling at a white woman. The murder of Emmett Till was noted as one of the leading events that motivated the American Civil Rights Movement. (3) Martin Luther King becomes the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. – He was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the United States, and he has become a human rights icon. His famous speech “ I HAVE A DREAM” raised public consciousness of the civil rights movement and established himself as one of the greatest orators in U.S. history. (4) President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
– The most sweeping civil rights legislation since Reconstruction, the Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or national origin. The law also provides the federal government with the powers to enforce desegregation....
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