"Brand equity is the marketing and financial value associated with a brand's strength in the market" (Dibb and Simkin pg 73)
Some of the factors that contribute to the creation of high brand equity are brand association, awareness, attractiveness to buyers and brand loyalty. For a company to see major success it must establish and sustain high brand equity. The preference in the marketplace for one particular brand is not simply a preference based on the cost, quality or style of its products. It is also influenced by the personality, reputation and image of the brand and how often and how well they are communicated. What experience is the brand promising or associating with? Who is endorsing the brand? The sportswear market; it has some of the strongest and most valuable brands in the world. The CFO of Adidas, Dean Hawkins recently said,
"our biggest asset isn't on our balance sheet, and that's our brand" http://www.shsu.edu/~mkt_ssm/mkt575/Shoes.htm
The following essay will discuss some of the elements in Adidas's brand development that have led to it securing a place in the worlds 100 top brands and will look to the future plans it has in place to maintain its high brand equity.
Adidas dates back to 1948. It is derived from the first syllables of its founders first and last name Adolf Dassler who began making shoes in 1920. His vision was to supply professional athletes with the very best in footwear for their respective fields. He registered the unmistakable "three stripes" which to this day remains the Adidas trademark. Adidas could be considered the first sports company to use "celebrity endorsement" for their products. Germany won the Soccer World Cup in 1954 and the team wore the first football boots with screw-in studs developed by Adidas. Adolf was an athlete himself. He always worked closely with sports professional and made personal appearances at sporting events. He came up with a product innovation for every major sporting event and before long had created the optimal shoe for nearly every discipline. http://www.Adidas-group.com/en/overview/history/History-e.pdf In the 1960's the company moved into sport apparel and equipment. In 1970 the "Telstar Ball" became the official match ball for the first televised FIFA world cup. It was the roundest football of it's time and it's white and black design made it clearly visible on the Television. http://www.Adidasgroup.com/en/bizmedia/WorldCup/Ball_History/press_release_e.pdf As the company grew bigger it was damaged by family quarrels - Adi's brother, Rudolf started a rival firm Puma. His son, Horst, split with his parents and opened a rival branch in France, complete with its own designers and factories. Horst eventually took over the parent company in 1985, he died only 2 years later and for a short time the company was run by a French man called Bernard Tapie. At this stage Adidas was haemorrhaging money and when it's - Robert Louis-Dreyfus took over in 1993, it needed considerable attention to bring it back to it's former glory. Under his guidance Adidas has moved from being a manufacturing and sales based company to being a marketing based company. Louis Drefus cut cost but injected extra cash into marketing in order to promote growth. He maintained expenditure on sports sponsorship and increased expenditure on other outlets. The company undertook new marketing strategies for further growth. For example the "Originals line" was re-introduced which was highly successful as 70's style fashion become popular again. http://www.its.caltech.edu/~xiuqin/strategy/Adidas.htm The Adidas brand is now segmented into three divisions: Adidas Sport Performance Adidas Sport Heritage and Adidas Sport Style.
Adidas initially positioned itself as a brand for professional athletes. Over time the brand became more mainstream. By...