The Ada and Disability Related Harassment

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The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Disability-Related Harassment A Self-Advocacy Guide

3839 North Third Street Suite 209 Phoenix, AZ 85012 602-274-6287 (voice or TTY) 800-927-2260 (toll free) 602-274-6779 (fax)

100 North Stone Avenue Suite 305 Tucson, AZ 85701 520-327-9547 (voice) 800-922-1447 (toll free) 877-327-7754 (TTY) 520-884-0992 (fax) www.azdisabilitylaw.org center@azdisabilitylaw.org

This guide was written by former University of Arizona, College of Law students: Kraig Gardner, Kevin Lira, Ryan McCarthy, Ruth Mendus, Cathy Nelson and Denise Quinterra. Funding for this document is provided by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Developmental Disabilities and Community Mental Health Services and the United States Department of Education, Rehabilitation Services Administration. Federal and state law can change at any time. If there is any question about the continued validity of any information in the handbook, contact the Arizona Center for Disability Law or an attorney in your community. The purpose of this guide is to provide general information to individuals regarding their rights and protections under the law. It is not intended as a substitute for legal advice. You may wish to contact the Arizona Center for Disability Law or consult with a lawyer in your community if you require further information. This guide is available in alternative formats upon request. Revised 100307 E-8

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The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) and Disability-Related Harassment TABLE OF CONTENTS A. Disability-Related Harassment .......................................................................................... 1

1. Scope of this Guide ......................................................................................................................................1 2. The Difference Between Disability-Related Harassment and Common, Everyday Harassment. ..................................................................................................................................................2 3. The Difference Between Disability-Related Harassment and Retaliation. .................................2 4. Other Types of Discrimination .................................................................................................................3 B. Proving Disability-Related Harassment ........................................................................... 4

1. Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................4 2. Elements of a Claim ....................................................................................................................................4 3. Harassment ....................................................................................................................................................4 C. The Rules About Employer Liability For Disability-Related Harassment ................... 8

1. Introduction. ..................................................................................................................................................8 2. Owner Harassment ......................................................................................................................................9 3. Supervisor Harassment ..............................................................................................................................9 4. Co-Worker Harassment ...........................................................................................................................10 5. Non-Employee Harassment.....................................................................................................................10 D. E. F. G. Duty to Employees to Avoid or Limit Harm .................................................................. 11 Employer’s Responsibility to...
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