The Absorbent Minds by Maria Montessori

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Each teacher will present many science activities to the children throughout the year. Most of the science activities for the younger children revolve around plants and animals.  Additionally, two favorite activities involve magnetism and objects that sink or float.The children study such topics as "Living or Non-Living," "Plant or Animal," "Vertebrate or Invertebrate," "Fish, Amphibian, Reptile, Bird, or Mammal," "Parts of the Plant" and even "Photosynthesis."  Simple machines are presented, simple experiments are carried out, and human anatomy is a popular study. The study of Geography begins with a set of land and water forms into which children pour water.  The pairs of forms include lake-island, cape-bay, strait-isthmus, for example.  Another lesson contains two globes: one with only land and water; the other with each continent colored a different color.  The globes are followed up with a flat Map of the Hemispheres on which the color of the continents corresponds to the color of the continents on the globe.  The children use this map as a puzzle, removing and replacing the continents.  The children learn the names of the continents and the oceans. The elementary program in geography begins with a study of the basic land and water forms, presentations of globes and maps, and a basic overview of the seven continents from both the physical and cultural perspectives.   Lessons are also given on the formation of the universe, stars, the solar system and our earth.   These are supported with experiments illustrating such natural processes as volcanism, stratification, erosion, gravity, velocity, inertia, etc.   As mentioned in the overview of the history curriculum, the study of Earth's development, its physical processes and its history are so closely related that these areas of the curriculum support one another and are taught simultaneously. In our endeavor to educate children to be responsible world citizens, we continue to provide opportunities to study the seven continents in detail, to explore their landforms, bodies of water, regions and ecosystems and to learn about the cultures which inhabit them. These studies continue throughout the 6 to 12 program.   Children also study the effects of solar energy on Earth and its atmosphere, the consequences of rotation and revolution, Earth's atmosphere and the phenomena of climate and weather, and the hydrosphere and its influence on Earth's atmosphere, landforms and bodies of water.   These studies are supplemented by experiments and are related to history and biology studies, as the effects of these phenomena on Earth's ecosystems and life forms are presented and researched.   Building upon this strong foundation in physical and cultural geography, older students explore economic geography.   They are able to understand how climate, weather patterns and other natural forces affect ecological regions, govern lifestyle there and influence what is produced and what must be imported to sustain life.   Students also focus on current events during this time.   Their broader understanding of the geography of the world allows them to put these events into perspective.

•  Geography: To launch the child's exploration of the world's physical environment, children are introduced to various continents, countries, states, land and water form and the solar system.

Globe of Land and Water
With this globe, the child gets a sensorial impression of land and water. The globe has a sand surface representing land and a smooth s Puzzle Map of the World Parts & Puzzle Map of Asia
Through sensorial activities with the Puzzle maps, children begin to build their knowledge of world geography surface representing water.

Since the beginning of humankind, the study of geography has captured the imagination of the people. In ancient times, geography books extolled tales of distant lands and dreamed of treasures. The ancient Greeks created the word "geography" from the roots "ge" for earth...
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