"The Banking Concept of Education" Response
The purpose of Paulo Freire's essay "The Banking' Concept of Education" is to analyze the current educational approach taken by many institutions and to provide an alternative to this approach. The essay is really criticizing the "banking" concept of education. The "banking" concept of education is the notion that the teacher is the narrator, while the student is the "container" or "receptacle" that is to be filled by the knowledge of the teacher. When the teacher is the narrator it forces the student to memorize the content that the teachers teaches. Freire believes that "Education thus becomes an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor (257)." Knowledge is then considered a gift from the teacher to the student, who is assumed to know nothing.
Freire's solution to the "banking" concept of education is what he calls "problem-posing" education. "Problem-posing" education forces the student to participate with the teacher and become "critical co-investigators in dialogue with the teachers (263)." "Banking" education often resists dialogue and "problem-posing" education engages dialogue and regards it as essential to its framework. The "problem-posing" teacher is then forced to create lessons that involve the students, rather than only being in charge of the students. Freire believes that "banking" education inhibits creative power and "problem-posing" education allows creativity and promotes the thought process. He also believes that "banking education treats students as objects of assistance; problem-posing education makes them critical thinkers (265)." According to the reading, problem-posing education seems like a much more suited choice for educational institutions.
Freire believes that that banking theory is not based on reality and is a fixating force. While the problem-posing theory according the Freire "
. bases itself on creativity and stimulates...
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