The States United
List the divisions within the Second Continental Congress, and give the aim of each faction. How did the factions attempt to gain their ends? The members agreed to support the war. But they disagreed, at times profoundly, about its purpose. At one pole was a group led by the Adams cousins (John and Samuel), Richard Henry Lee of Virginia, and others, who favored complete independence from Great Britain. At the other was a group led by such moderates as John Dickinson of Pennsylvania, who hoped for modest Reforms in the imperial relationship what would permit permit an early reconciliation with Great Britain. Most of the delegates tried to find some middle ground between these positions. They demonstrated their uncertainty in two very different declarations, which they adopted in quick succession.
How did the pamphlet “Common Sense” address the problem of the aim of the war and what was its impact on American opinion? What were the philosophical roots of the Declaration of Independence and what effect did the Declaration have on the struggle? What were the characteristics of the governments-state and national-set up by Americans to conduct what war? What problems did the Americans face in providing the necessary supplies and equipment for the war and in paying for them? How were the problems in questions 5 overcome, at least initially?
The War For Independence
What were the American advantages in the Struggle, and why was George Washington selected as the best person to make the most of these advantages? What were the initial setbacks in the war during 1776, and what was the significance of the Battles of Trenton and Princeton in this regard? What was the initial plan for the British campaign of 1777? How was this altered, and what effect did this alteration have on the outcome? What were the American diplomatic goals at the start of the war? What problems...
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