Textile Industry of India

Topics: Textile industry, Cotton, Textile Pages: 26 (7976 words) Published: April 8, 2013

The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, manufacture, trade and distribution of fabrics. Textile manufacturing has come a long way, from domestic production using wool, cotton and flax in historical times to organized industry using spinning wheels and handlooms in the 18th Century to current day, leveraging modern techniques, electronics and innovation in man-made fibres to produce almost any type of cloth or design a person could desire.

Definition of Textile Industry
The textile industry includes every business involved in growing or producing fibers, such as sheep farmers and cotton growers; those who make the fiber into thread; those who make the thread into cloth; and those who dye, bleach and finish the cloth.The textile industry also includes chemical companies that make synthetic fibers and all the resultant products. Then there are the wholesalers and retailers of all these textiles, and the products that are made from them. History

* Textiles have been around almost as long as humankind itself. Early humans wore animal skins and clothing woven from leaves and grasses. As humans evolved, so did the textiles they used in their daily lives and the processes by which they were made. Significance

* The textile industry affects every aspect of our lives. There are textiles in our cars, on our furniture, hanging at our windows, in the carpeting on the floors in our vehicles, homes and workplaces, and in the clothing on our backs. We dry ourselves with towels and sleep on sheets made by the textile industry. There are even textiles in the bag that carries your laptop computer from place to place. Effects

* Whole industries rely on the textile industry for their own products, such as the fashion and furniture industries, and the carpet and rug manufacturing industry. The textile industry also serves other segments of the marketplace, such as those involved in the textile arts like quilters and knitters. Even painters rely on the textile industry for canvas on which to paint. Other artists are actually part of the textile industry: those who sell their designs to fabric manufacturers, who print those designs directly on the fabric they make. There are industries that have been built on serving the textile industry, such as weaving machinery manufacturers, and even software providers who customize software for the textile industry. Size

* The textile industry is a multi-billion-dollar industry. One small component of the industry alone--the organic cotton growers (which excludes growers who don't farm with organic methods and all other components of the industry)--reached an estimated $3.2 billion in 2008, according to the nonprofit Organic Exchange. Considerations

* Other industries that rely on the textile industry for the success of their own business include manufacturers of embellishments used on clothing, such as buttons, sequins and zippers; and manufacturers of sewing machines, knitting needles and drapery hardware, just to name a few.

The Textiles industry broadly refers to the production (design and manufacture), distribution, and consumption of textiles. It includes fiber and yarns, threads, broad woven, narrow, non-woven and knit fabrics, textile machinery, linen and uniform supplies, carpet and rugs, canvas mills, textile finishing etc. Some of the main sources from which textile can be manufactured include wool, silk, cotton, jute, and polymers.  

Over the years, there has been an increase in the volume of textile production across the globe because of reasons such as contemporary manufacturing techniques, which in turn has boosted the growth of this industry globally.

Textiles are useful in a number of applications, the most common being in households and various industrial purposes. In households, they are used in the form of home furnishings such as curtains, carpets, cushions and covers, carpets,...
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