1. What should be the proper Christian response to gender inequality and sex discrimination, based on the biblical concept of both male and female being in the image of God? (P.77)
Trinity means the union of three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in one Godhead. And, when God created male and female, He created man in His own image. (Genesis 1:17) According to the image of God, Adam and Eve could be unified as one flesh because there was no sin. That is the reason why Adam said of Eve “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh” (Genesis 3:28) Actually, when God created human beings, he did not make male and female equally. Paul said “Just as each of us has one body with many members, and these members do not all have the same function.” (Romans 12:4) However, it does not mean that some functions are more important than others. For example men and women need each other. God made the woman since “It is not good for the man to be alone.”(Genesis 2:18) God created the woman as a helper, and it implies male cannot stand alone. Of course, male and female are different. However, it does not mean that there is superior or inferior gender. They need each other so that they can do what God has commanded them to do. In this sense, Christians have to consider the other gender as a mutual cooperative partner. If mankind is created in the image of God, men and women have different functions in their unity as the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit have different functions.
2. What does it mean to say that our relationship with God is a covenant relationship? (p. 87)
We can easily hear that God’s love is unconditional. However, it does not mean that our salvation is unconditional. In the Old Testament, Israelite blessing or cursing was a consequence of their obedience. “God promised to treat them as a specially prized possession, a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation.” (83) However, this was only when the Israelites listen to God’s voice. So, if we look at Israelite history, Israel’s prosperity and adversity is followed by their faith. When they worshiped idols, God punished them by foreign invasions, and when they repented of their sin, God recovered the situations.
In the New Testament, and today, Jesus invites the entire human race to salvation; however, it does not mean everyone is saved without any price. “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” (John 3:16) It is clear that the love of God is unconditional; however, salvation is conditional. The new covenant between God and the human race has been established. We have to do something in the same way that the Israelites had to listen to God. And, the only thing that people have to do for their salvation is just have faith in what Jesus Christ has done for us on the Cross.
3. Discuss ways to maintain holiness in our everyday Christian life. (p.100)
When God gave Manna to Israelites, they were not to keep any of the Manna until the next day. Manna implies God’s grace to His people, and the fact that Israelites could not keep the Manna up until next day tells us that Christians have to live with daily offering grace God offers rather than live with the grace of the past.
In this sense, the efforts to maintain holiness in our life have to be found in each and every day of our life. As our body needs nutrition everyday, our spirit needs spiritual nutrition everyday. Likewise, if we miss any spiritual meal, our soul will be weakened. Accordingly, we have to spend our time and effort to be offered our daily Manna from God. Setting aside a regular time and place for concentrating on reading Bible and praying is helpful to listen to God’s voce. That time and the place can be a broad passage that He can offer us his daily bread. However, reading Bible does not mean just skimming the scripture. We have to concentrate on...