Munshi Premchand is generally recognised as the foremost Hindi-Urdu writer during the early twentieth century. Premchand was born in the village Lamhi near Varanasi to Munshi Ajaib Lal, a clerk in the post office and his wife Anandi. In 1899, Premchand left Lamhi to take up the position of a schoolmaster at a mission school in the town of Chunar. He was offered a job as the headmaster of the Model School attached to a Teacher Training College and was later transferred to Kanpur as the Deputy Sub-inspector of Schools.
While at Allahabad, Premchand's first novella, Asrar e Ma'abid (The Secrets of the Sanctum Sanctorum) was serialized in the Urdu weekly Awaz-e-Khalq (first publication date 8 October 1903), but it was in Kanpur where his writing career really took off with his association with the Urdu magazine Zamana in which he published a regular column, The March of Time, focusing on national and international affairs. His second novel, also in Urdu, Kishna (1907) was written during this period (the text of this novel has not survived). He also published a collection of short stories in Urdu, Soz-e-vatan. In 1910, he was hauled up by the District Magistrate in Gorakhpur for his anthology of short stories Soz-e- Watan (Dirge of the Nation), which was labelled seditious. All the copies of Soz-e- Watan were confiscated and burnt. In 1921, he answered Mahatma Gandhi's call and resigned from his government job. The main characteristic of Premchand's writings is his interesting story-telling technique and use of simple language. His novels describe the problems of the rural peasant classes. He avoided the use of highly Sanskritised Hindi, but rather, he used the dialect of the common people. Premchand wrote about 300 short stories and several novels as well as many essays, plays and letters. Many of Premchand's stories have been translated into English and Russian.
Tes Resignation is one of the most famous of his...