Annexation of Texas
Manifest destiny: - It is the belief by democrats in us that they were destined
to expand America. Democrats used it in the 1840s to justify the war with
Mexico and it was also used to divide half of Oregon with Great Britain.
Annexation of Texas: - The annexation of Texas and the Mexican cession
are examples of the Manifest Destiny in action. In 1845, John L. O’Sullivan wrote
an article about the annexation of Texas and first used the term, manifest
destiny. The idea was revived toward the end of the 1800’s during the Spanish-
American War, and also led to the US becoming an imperialistic nation at the
turn of the century.
Texas: - Spanish explorers, including Álvar Núñez Cabeza de
Vaca and Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, were the first to visit the region in the
16th and 17th centuries, settling at Ysleta near El Paso in 1682. In 1685, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, established a short-lived French colony
at Matagorda Bay.
Americans in Texas: - The first Americans to move to state were patent
holders who came under Moses and Stephen F. Austin's empresario. The 1803
Louisiana Purchase, however, brought Americans into Texas long before the
Austin’s did - and they settled right along the Red River.
Texan leaders: -
1. Sam Houston - One of the most colorful and controversial figures in Texas
history. Houston immediately took control of the Texas forces after the fall of the
Alamo and Goliad, and conducted the retreat of the army to the site of the Battle
of San Jacinto, where on April 21, 1836, his force defeated Santa Anna and
secured Texas long sought independence.
2.William Travis: William Barrette Travis will always be remembered as the
Texas commander at the Alamo. When friction developed between Texas and
Mexico, Travis was one of the first to join the Texas forces. Travis commanded
the Texas defenders during the Siege and Battle of the Alamo. His Appeal from
the Alamo for reinforcements has become an American symbol of unyielding
courage and heroism.
3.Stephen F. Austin: - Austin is remembered in Texas history for his many
efforts on behalf of Texas before, during, and immediately after Texas'
Revolution with Mexico. His contributions to Texas included: long and perilous
pilgrimages to Mexico on behalf of Texas; his unwillingness to counsel his people
to take up arms against the Mexican government as long as any hope for peace
remained; his firm and decided voice, speaking words of encouragement and
hope during the darkest days of the revolution; and his laborious travels in the
United States to obtain needed support for his struggling countrymen.
4.Davy Crockett: - Crockett and a few of his fellow Tennesseans were among
the 189 defenders that sacrificed their lives at The Battle of the Alamo in the
interest on Texas independence.
5.Jim Bowie: - In the Texas Revolution, Bowie was a leading participant at the
Battle of Concepcion and in the Grass Fight near San Antonio. He was in
command of a volunteer force in San Antonio when William Travis arrived with
regular army troops. The two men shared authority during much of the Siege of
the Alamo, which caused some personal friction. But pneumonia disabled Bowie,
and he was confined to his cot at the time of his death on March 6, 1836 at
Battle of the Alamo.
Texas fight for freedom: -
The Texas Revolution began when American settlers in the Mexican province of
Texas rebelled in 1835 because Santa Anna dissolved Mexico’s Congress to
become a dictator. In early 1836 Santa Anna himself led an army to put down
the upstarts in Texas. On March 6 he killed all the defenders in the Alamo, and
later that month massacred the 342 prisoners he captured near Goliad.
Texas got their freedom: - The Republic of Texas won its independence...
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