Infertility is the inability of a couple to become pregnant. An advancement in the field of medicine has been used recently which helps childless couple to have their biological child. This advancement includes what the people call in vitro fertilization which results to what is commonly known as the test tube baby. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the most common among the high-tech fertility treatments. It can help the woman conceive if she has ovulatory problems, if they have problems in the fallopian tubes, if their partner has low sperm count, or other fertility treatments are unsuccessful. It is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) where in one or more eggs are fertilized not in uterus but outside of the female’s body. Its result is often called the “test tube baby”. There are other techniques that can be used as an option such as Gamete Intrafallopian transfer and Zygote Intrafallopian transfer but In Vitro fertilization has better results.
This paper presents the discussion on In vitro Fertilization as an option for childless couple in seven parts. The first part provides a brief overview of In Vitro Fertilization. The second discusses other assisted reproduction technology. It is followed by how the treatment is done. Then, it mentions about the possible risks involve in undergoing the treatment. The next part cites the success rates of treatments. The church objections are then talk about on the following part. The final part presents the interview with an Obstetrics Gynecology with regards to her views and opinions towards the fertility treatments. These parts of the paper will support our stand that In Vitro Fertilization is better than Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer and Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer as an infertility treatment for the couple to have their biological child. Test Tube Baby is the common term used for In Vitro Fertilization. “‘In Vitro’ is Latin for ‘in glass,’ a reference to the Petri dish used in this method of treating infertility.” It is a medical process for “fertilizing human eggs outside of a woman’s body” (In Vitro Fertilization widely used. Church condemns practice that has accounted 300,000 births worldwide)). IVF is a method of assisted reproduction where the gametes meet inside a “laboratory dish” where the fertilization occurs. When the fertilization is successful, the embryo will then be transferred to the mother’s womb for development. The result of this process or techniques is often called the test tube baby. IVF is an artificial process that gives hope to childless couple that they can still have a child of their own (Garcia). This kind of fertility treatment has been used widely in “animal embryological research” for years but it was effectively “applied to human reproduction” during the late 70’s (In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)). IVF was first applied to animals and later developed to humans in the United Kingdom. A lot of problems and objections were faced by many doctors who practice this kind of treatment. Others even committed suicide due to the dispute of their government. IVF detonated in fame when it became successful in the United States in the year 1981 (In Vitro Fertilization). “Advisable for IVF are women with irreparably damaged tubes,…and male factor infertility.” IVF will be also the remedy such as oligospermia, major cervical mucus hostility factors and another specific unexplained infertility (Test Tube Baby). Also, those who can benefit from IVF are “women with problems in the uterus….”, women with “problems in the ovaries” like “polycystic ovarian syndrome….” Etc., “women with problems in the fallopian tubes, or tubal ligation…”. Those who have “genetic diseases that result in miscarriage or abnormal births”, “men with vasectomy.., or with problems of the tubes due to infections,…,not solved surgically”, “male with low sperm counts or motility”, “infertility secondary to sperm antibodies”, and “unexplained infertility that has not responded to other...
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