Terrorism: Political, Psychological and Religious Aspects.

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Terrorism: political, psychological and religious aspects.
Today terrorism is very much a concerning issue which has dominated our lives, most particularly, since the attack on the twin towers in the New York City in September 11th 2001. Thus, it has been the centre of much discussion and has gained unprecedented importance. Apart from this terrorists struck at targets around the world became a central front in the global war against terrorism and the locus of so many deadly attacks against civilians. Al-Qaida and other terrorist groups made clear once again their relentless pursuit of evil in defiance(вызывающее поведение, вызов) of any law—human or divine. The year saw heinous crimes against the international community, humanitarian organizations, and mankind. Academics, politicians, security experts and journalists all use a variety of definitions of terrorism. Some definitions focus on the terrorist organizations mode of operation, while others emphasize the motivations and characteristics of individual terrorists. A United Nations Security Council report described terrorism as any act “ intended no cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians or non-combatants with the purpose of intimidating the population or compelling government or an international organization to do or abstain of doing any act”. There are however different approaches to terrorism. Some experts see it as being a political activity, other find it religious aspect, the rest claim terrorism being first and foremost a psychological impact. Thus, the Encyclopedia of Britannica describes terrorism as, "the systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence against governments, publics, or individuals, to attain a political objective. Indeed, something all terrorist attack have in common is their implementation for political purpose. Terrorism is a political tactic that is used by activists to effect change they strive for.  The motivation may be to affect a political reform, or overthrow a regime perceived as illegitimate or lacking public trust and support. Terrorism may be used as to demonstrate the weakness and vulnerability of the regime, to reveal its inability to provide security, to provoke government repression to help recruit followers, and ultimately to force leaders from power, claim separation or cohesion. When that strive for change is so strong and the failure is seen as a worse outcome than violence and death, the intersection of politics and religion occurs. The perpetrators must use religious scriptures to justify or explain their violent acts or to gain recruits. Suicide terrorism, self-sacrifise  or martyrdom has throughout history been organized and perpetrated by groups with both political and religious motivations. Suicide terrorism or martyrdom is efficient, inexpensive, easily organized, and extremely difficult to counter, delivering maximum damage for little cost. The shocking nature of a suicide attack also attracts public attention. The relatively high number of casualties guaranteed in such attacks, which are usually carried out in crowded areas, ensures full media coverage. So terrorist use the mass media as well as a powerfull weapon to win maximum effect in demonstrating how the tragedy has affected their victims. Terrorism therefore is designed to have psychological effects that reach farther beyond the impact on the immediate victims of an attack.All terrorist acts involve violence or the threat of violence. Terrorists attempt not only to create panic but also to weaken confidence in the government and the political leadership of the target country. Terrorists mean to frighten and therefore scare a wider crowd, such as a rival ethnic or religious group, an entire country and its political control, or the entire international community. Terrorist often attack national symbols to shake foundation of society they are opposed to. In addition, large-scale terrorist incidents can have adverse (враждебный) effects on life of...
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