Terrorism is the weapon of powerless
Terrorism is a phenomenon very present in the entire world. Terrorists’ acts invade our consciousness through the media. Brian Jenkins (2006) noted that « Terrorism is theatre », and terrorist attacks attract the attention of the media. Indeed, terrorists use the media as a strategy to have more impact on the individual. It underlines the link between terrorism and the media. It shows that terrorism can be a weapon of powerful. Nevertheless, terrorism can be also the weapon of powerless. In the article “Psychological Sequelae of the September 11 Terrorist Attacks in New York City » by the New England Journal of Medicine, the terrorism ‘s phenomenon has some harmful impact on the mental health. « Terrorism is the war of the poor and powerless. War is the terrorism of the rich and powerful » declared Peter Ustinov (2009). This quotation underlines the link between terrorism, the terms powerless and powerful. Terrorism is born in the heart of the State. The meaning of « terrorism » is going to evolve from the beginning of the 19th century. It indicates a strategy of contesting violence of the State. Henceforth, terrorism is considered as a strategy of fight, which chooses the lowest to fight a stronger opponent militarily. The word « terrorism » has a lot of meanings. Faced with this phenomenon, the government have an important role in order to avoid terrorists to act. However, before finding effective solutions to the problem of terrorism it is important to understand this concept, which is very complicated. This essay will explore the link between terrorism and powerless. Is terrorism the weapon of powerless? On the one hand, terrorism is considered as the weapon of powerless. On the other hand, terrorism can be a weapon of powerful. Each part will examine the type of terrorism, the tactics used by terrorists and the motivations and causes of terrorism, which are different.
First, Terrorism is the weapon of powerless. The individualist terrorism is a type of terrorism, which characterizes the powerless of terrorism. Indeed, individualist terrorists are influenced. At the beginning, individual terrorism was supported by the anarchy concept. Anarchists or rebels wanted a world without laws and authority. The anarchy concept appears in the nineteenth century. It is a political philosophy, which advocates the self-management. Individual terrorism is in part linked with the anarchy concept. For an example, murdering or assassination can be considered as individual terrorism. There is also suicide bombing which entered into the concept of individual terrorism. But in other way, suicide bombing can be also linked with group terrorism. There is a lot of examples of individual terrorism, especially in Western Countries and Middle East. The most famous in the 21st century are the 9/11, in New-York, USA ; The bomb-attack in London’s Public Transport the 7th July 2005 and the terrorist attack in Madrid’s Suburb Train the 11st March 2004. Every time, hundreds of people died, to defend the terrorist objectives. But we can see that, everyday, terrorists’ attack happened in poor countries, like in Iraq or Pakistan. In 2006, during the Iraq’s war, more than 14 000 Iraq Civilians get killed in terrorists attacks (CNN US, 2006) . However, these attacks were mostly with bombs, but other kind of terrorism exist, with hostages for example. In 2004, in Beslan, Russia, 340 hostages are killed and 400 are injured (CNN World, 2004) . But a lot of type of individual terrorism exist. The motivation of individual terrorist is quite clear. Firstly, people are quite influenced by their relatives. They are looking for recognition. According to Arie W. Kruglanski (2005), a “Quest for Significance” is developed by people because “Putting the group first is highly valued and rewarded by nothing less than the promise of immortality”. It is clear in this example that people believe they are powerless, and they want to...
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