Caesar Roy* ____________________________________________________________
Terrorism is not new and though it was seen since the beginning of recorded history it is hard to define. The earliest known organisation was the Zealots of Judea. The Assassins were the next group to show recognizable characteristics of terrorism, as we know today. Though both Zealots and Assassins operated in antiquity, they are relevant today as forerunners of modern terrorists in aspect of motivation, organisation, targeting and goal and although both were ultimate failures still they are remembered hundreds of years later. Terrorism has today become the latest threat to world peace and particularly to Indian’s national security. The menace of terrorism whether perpetrated by individuals, groups or state forces is a crime against humanity which has wounded societies all over the world. The terrorist has not only threatened the ideals of democracy and freedom but also caused a serious challenged to the existence, progress and development of mankind. The modern technology has further added a new dimension to terrorism as the highly sophisticated weapons are now easily available to the terrorist groups as well. In the world-wide there are numerous terrorist organisations that are existing actively in their apart from other International terrorist organisations. The alarming increase in terrorist attacks in this century is a cause of serious concern. The rates at which the attacks have increased are such1 –
| In the Year |Number of International terrorist attacks (approx.) | | 2005 | 45 | | 2006 | 54 | | 2007 | 126 | | 2008 | 322 | | 2009 | 287 | | 2010 (up to May) | 332 |
*LL.M, PGDCFS. Lecturer in Law, Midnapore Law College, Midnapore, West Bengal. PIN - 721102
1. Wikipedia (the Free Encyclopaedia, available in the internet) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_terrorist_incidents
From the time of the Assassins (late 13th century) to the 1700’s, terror and barbarism were widely used in warfare and conflict, but key ingredients for terrorism were lacking. Use of the word “terrorism” began in 1795 in reference to the Reign of Terror initiated by the Revolutionary Government in France. During the late 19th century radical political theories and improvements in weapons technology encouraged the formation of small groups of revolutionaries who effectively attacked nation-states. Anarchists produced some striking success, assassinating heads of State from Russia, France, Spain, Italy and the United Sates. However, their lack of organisation and refusal to cooperate with other social movements rendered anarchists ineffective as a political movement. In the early years of 20th century nationalism and revolutionary political ideologies were the principal developmental forces acting upon terrorism. Since the end of World War II, terrorism has accelerated its development into a...