Terrorism came from the word of ‘terror’ which mean to horror and to fear. There is no specific definition about the meaning of terrorism. This is because the field that related inside terrorism is very wide and there are over 100 definitions of ‘terrorism’ according to studies. Terrorism have been existed for many years as a global phenomenon, but only in few decades ago that it has been getting stronger and to influence our daily lives with any costs. In our report, we will explain more details about the relationship of terrorism and transportation. Transportation has always been a target or method for terrorism to transfer their message to the public. While transportation keeps economic moving, nationally and globally, business relies on transport and transport systems at every level no matter transferring goods, transporting customers or staff commuting. From jet airliners to mass transit buses and rail terminals, vehicles and transport facilities are all-too familiar targets of terrorist attacks in all country and abroad. The impact of large-scale disruption of transport infrastructures can be critical for national and global business because transport systems have long been viewed as targets for terrorists groups worldwide.
Also we will elaborate more on how terrorism can be spread or being use through the four methods of transportation like rail, road, aviation and maritime. For the incident strikes on the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York on September 11, 2001, this has exposed critical security flaws within the United States transportation system which required urgent attention. The first attack on public transportation involving weapons of mass destruction occurred in 1995 when the Japanese doomsday cult Aum Shinrikyo released sarin gas into the Tokyo subway system. Then we will explain about what are the factors and effect of terrorism behavior. Also the strategy based three ways: land, maritime and aviation security will be introduced based on our findings at this report. Finally we will discuss about the organization and agency that responsible and involved in combating terrorism group and detail about the latest terrorism group that still remain active in the world. The definition of “terrorism”
The word “terrorism” came from the word of “terror” which in the Latin terrer mean ‘to frighten, to fear’. At present, there is no internationally agreed definition of terrorism. The most common definitions of terrorism refer only to those violent acts which are intended to create fear, are perpetrated for an ideological goal (as opposed to a lone attack) and deliberately target or disregard the safety of the civilians.
Actually there is no specific definition of terrorism; this is because studies have found over 100 definitions of ‘terrorism’. This is because the word ‘terrorism’ is very wide related to multiple fields and cannot specify the real content to describe ‘terrorism’. Some definitions also include acts of unlawful violence and war. But in November 2004, a United Nations Security Council report described terrorism as any act “intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians with the purpose of intimidating a population or compelling a government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act”. Most government definitions outline some basic key criteria like target, objective, motive, perpetrator, and legitimacy or legality of the act. There are few key criteria to describe terrorism:
2. Psychological impact and fear
3. Perpetrated for a political goal
4. Deliberate targeting of non-combatants
5, Unlawfulness or illegitimacy
The relationship of Terrorism and Transportation
Transportation keeps the economy moving. Most of international and domestic business are deeply relies on transportation system because it transferring goods, transporting customer or staff commuting. Transportation vehicle are ubiquitous, moving...