terrorismThe dignity of human life must be maintained at any cost while trying to eradicate terrorism. The word, ‘terrorism’ was first used in France, and later popularized during the Russian Revolution. It is also defined as a method whereby an organized group or party seeks to achieve its aims, primarily through) the use of violence. It is considered as one of the most evil forces destabilizing the sense of fraternity among the people.
It even paralyses the economic development of the country. Since the last two decades, it has become a burning problem in the Indian Society. There was a time when our brave hearted freedom fighters terrorized the colonial rulers by their firm ideology’ and honesty. But today, lives of the common innocent men are at the mercy of terrorists.
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Today’s terrorism is against the state,
It has a separate political purpose and it aims at creating fear and panic among the masses. They have no sense of national integrity. They even seek support for their acts of killing human beings. Terrorists obtain’ funds from different sources. They collect money by extortion’, robbery, kidnapping, etc. Smuggling arms and drugs have now become a popular method of collecting money by the terrorists. In India, terrorism did not exist even two decades ago.
After a few regional political movements, terrorism has increased considerably. Like the Khalistani movement in Punjab, the Naxalite movement around West Bengal, the Gorkhaland movement in Darjeeling, the ULFA in Assam, the NSCN in Manipur and the separatist movement in Kashmir have given birth to terrorism in India. Today terrorism has become a grave concern affecting our country’s Future. As per the recent data, India ranks second after Iraq in the world, in terms of mass-killings.
The development of science has also strengthened the arms of terrorists. They are now using chemical agents (cyanides); nerve agents; biological agents (anthrax) besides the sophisticated guns and bombs. The threat of nuclear attack by terrorists is also looming large’ in our country. Social scientists have mentioned three reasons for joining terrorist acts. These are mainly due to ‘Declivity deprivation’.
Aspirational deprivation’ and ‘Progressive deprivation’. The nature of contemporary terrorismterrorism keeps changing with new tactics and new organizational structures being introduced. Terrorist group try old. new and different tactics all at the same time. They only want to know what will work. Mumbai terror attack may be the beginning of a new era.
There are four stages of global terrorism, viz.,
(I) 1980 – 1990s: era of backyard struggle
(2) 1990s – 2001 : rise of spectacular Global Jihad
(3) 2001 – 2007: maturing of local Guerrilla terrorism
(4) 2008: possible start of Global Guerrilla terrorism United Nations as well as various developed and developing countries have resolved to counter terrorism.
Terrorist groups like HAMAS. AL-QAIDA, LTTE, etc. have been declared unlawful. Their funding through the hawala has been checked. Our government also has taken measures to check their activities. We have formed the National Security Guard (N.S.G) and set up various law enforcing agencies to meet the emergency situation.
President Pratibha Devi Singh Patil announced government’s agenda to resist terrorism. She...