Terms of Figures of Speech

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TERMS OF FIGURES OF SPEECH
Alliteration 1. the commencement of two or more stressed syllables of a word group: a. with the same consonant sound or sound group (consonantal alliteration); b. with a vowel sound which may differ from syllable to syllable (vocalic alliteration) 2. the commencement of one or more words of a word group with the same letter. Allusion a figure of speech consisting of a passing, but significant, reference to a well-known person, place, event, etc. Ambiguity use of words that allows alternative interpretations Analogy a figure of speech embodying an extended or elaborate comparison between two things or situations. Anaphora a figure of speech in which the same word or words are repeated at the beginning of succeeding verses or clauses: “Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this world?” Anastrophe in rhetoric, the inversion of the natural or usual order of words, as “Homeward directly he went.” Antanaclasis a figure of speech which consists in repeating the same word in a different sense; as, while we live, let us live; learn some craft when young, that when old you may live without craft. Anticlimax the usually sudden transition in writing or speaking from an idea of significance or dignity to an idea trivial or ludicrous by comparison especially at the close of a series, sentence, or passage, as a love of God, justice, and sports cars. Antithesis a figure of speech in which irreconcilable opposites or strongly contrasting ideas are placed in sharp juxtaposition and sustained tension, as in the saying “Art is long, and Time is fleeting.” The opposing clauses, phrases, or sentences are roughly equal in length and balanced in contiguous grammatical structures. Antonomasia 1. the substitution of another designation for a common obvious, or normal one: as a: the use of official title or an epithet in place of a proper name( as ‘his honor’ for ‘Judge doe’) or ordinary appellative (as ‘chief executive’ for ‘the president’) b: the use of a proper name to designate a member of a class (as a ‘Solomon’ for a ‘wise ruler’); also: the making of a common noun or verb from a proper name (as ‘pasteurize’ from ‘Pasteur’) 2. the giving of a proper name (as to a character in fiction) that names or suggests a leading quality (as ‘Squire Allworthy, Doctor Sawbones’) Apostrophe a figure of speech ,by which a speaker or writer suddenly stops in his discourse, and turns to address pointedly some person or thing, either present or absent; an exclamatory address. Assonance a similarity of sound between words or syllables, especially as used as an alternative to rhyme in poetry by means of a: repetition of vowels without repetition of consonants(e.g. stony and holy) b: repetition of consonants without repetition of vowels(e.g. held and healed). Climax a figure of speech in which a number of propositions or ideas are set forth so as to forma a series in which each rises above the preceding in force or effectiveness of expression. Conceit a figure of speech , usually a simile or metaphor, which forms an extremely ingenious or fanciful parallel between apparently dissimilar or incongruous objects or situations. Consonance in prosody, correspondence or agreement of the final consonants but not vowels of stressed syllables, as bill and wall, and furnished and varnished. Contrast comparison of similar objects to set off their dissimilar qualities Conversion repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses Echo repetition of sound, as if reflected from its source

Ellipsis a figure of speech in which one or more words necessary to the complete grammatical construction but not to the sense, of a sentence are omitted; the omitted words are understood by implication Empathy the projection of human qualities into a material of natural object so that those qualities are felt to be possessed by that object, i.e., a dynamic force felt to reside in the object of perception Epigram a...
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