aging-out process (also known as desistance or spontaneous remission) The tendency for youths to reduce the frequency of their offending behavior as they age; aging-out is thought to occur among all groups of offenders. at-risk youths Young people who are extremely vulnerable to the negative consequences of school failure, substance abuse, and early sexuality. best interests of the child A philosophical viewpoint that encourages the state to take control of wayward children and provide care, custody, and treatment to remedy delinquent behavior. bindoverSee waiver.
chancery courts Court proceedings created in ?fteenth-century England to oversee the lives of high-born minors who were orphaned or otherwise could not care for themselves. child savers Nineteenth-century reformers who developed programs for troubled youth and in?uenced legislation creating the juvenile justice system; today some critics view them as being more concerned with control of the poor than with their welfare. chronic delinquentSee chronic delinquent offender.
chronic delinquent offender (also known as chronic juvenile offenders, chronic delinquents, or chronic recidivists)Youths who have been arrested four or more times during their minority and perpetuate a striking majority of serious criminal acts. This small group, known as the “chronic 6 percent,” is believed to engage in a signi?cant portion of all delinquent behavior; these youths do not age out of crime but continue their criminal behavior into adulthood. chronic juvenile offenderSee chronic delinquent offender.
chronic recidivistSee chronic delinquent offender.
continuity of crime The idea that chronic juvenile offenders are likely to continue violating the law as adults. delinquent Juvenile who has been adjudicated by a judicial of?cer of a juvenile court as having committed a delinquent act. ego identity According to Erik Erikson, ego identity is formed when a person develops a ?rm sense of who he is and...