* came from the Latin word “suicidium”, from sui caedere, means “to kill oneself” * is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
* is any action that could cause a person to die, such as taking a drug overdose or crashing a car on purpose. *****
* A completed suicide means the person has died. It is important not to use the term successful suicide; the goal is to prevent suicide and provide treatment. * A suicide attempt involves a serious act, such as taking a fatal amount of medication and someone intervening accidentally. Without the accidental discovery, the individual would be dead. * A suicide gesture denotes a person undertaking an unusual, but not fatal, behavior as a cry for help or to get attention. * A suicide gamble is one in which patients gamble their lives that they will be found in time and that the discoverer will save them. * A suicide equivalent involves a situation in which the person does not attempt suicide. Instead, he or she uses behavior to get some of the reactions that suicide would have caused.
Classifications/Types of Suicide
* Individuals who wish to end their own lives may enlist the assistance of another party to achieve death. The other person, usually a family member or physician, may help carry out the act when the individual lacks the physical capacity to do so alone, even if supplied with the means. * Murder-Suicide
* A murder–suicide is an act in which an individual kills one or more other persons immediately before or at the same time as him or herself. The motivation for the murder in murder–suicide can be purely criminal in nature or be perceived by the perpetrator as an act of care for loved ones in the context of severe depression. * Suicide Attack
* is an act in which an attacker perpetrates an act of violence against others, typically to achieve a military or political goal, which simultaneously results in his or her own death. Suicide bombings are often regarded as an act of terrorism by the targeted community. * Mass Suicide
* Some suicides are performed under social pressure or coordinated among a group of individuals. Mass suicides can take place with as few as two people, often referred to as a suicide pact. * Suicide Pact
* A suicide pact describes the suicides of two or more individuals in an agreed upon plan. The plan may be to die together, or separately and closely timed. Suicide pacts are generally distinct from mass suicides in that the latter refers to a larger number of people who kill themselves together for a common ideological reason, often within a religious, political, military or paramilitary context.
* Defiance or Protest
* Suicide is sometimes committed as an act of defiance or political protest such as the suicide of Mohamed Bouazizi in Tunisia whose treatment at the hands of the authorities led to a revolt that overthrew the ruling regime and touched off the Arab Spring. * Dutiful Suicide
* Dutiful suicide is an act of fatal self violence at one's own hands done in the belief that it will secure a greater good, rather than to escape harsh or impossible conditions. It can be voluntary, to relieve some dishonor or punishment, or imposed by threats of death or reprisals on one's family or reputation. It is a traditional practice in some cultures, such as the heavily ritualized Japanese custom of seppuku. * Escape
* In extenuating situations where continuing to live would be intolerable, some people use suicide as a means of escape.
Causes of Suicide
* Mental disorder
* Bipolar disorder
* Autism spectrum disorders
* Drug abuse
* Stress factors
* financial difficulties
* troubles with interpersonal relationships
* Over one million people die by suicide...