Term Paper Writing

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PART-A Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Unit 13 Scientific Writing ............................................................................................. 3 What is a Research Paper? .............................................................................. 7 Structure of a Research Paper ...................................................................... 13 How to Prepare the Title ............................................................................... 21 How to Prepare the Abstract ........................................................................ 25 Introductions .................................................................................................. 29 Methods .......................................................................................................... 35 The Results ..................................................................................................... 41 Discussion ....................................................................................................... 47 Acknowledgements and References ............................................................. 51 Sample Papers ................................................................................................ 55 Where and How to Submit the Manuscript ................................................. 79 How to Present a Paper Orally ..................................................................... 85

Unit 14 Unit 15 Unit 16 Unit 17 Unit 18

How to Write a Review Paper ....................................................................... 89 How to Write a Book Review ........................................................................ 93 The Future is Electronic Publishing............................................................. 99 Developing the Research Proposal ............................................................. 105 How to Write a Thesis ................................................................................. 115 PART-B

Unit 19

Guidelines for writing a Term Paper ......................................................... 121

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Objectives
After completion of this unit, the students will be aware of the following topics:  

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What is Scientific Writing Origins of Scientific Writing

The key characteristic of scientific writing is clarity. Successful scientific experimentation is the result of a clear mind attacking a clearly stated problem and producing clearly stated conclusions. Ideally, clarity should be a characteristic of any type of communication; however, when something is being said for the first time, clarity is essential, Most research papers, those published in primary research journals, are accepted for publication precisely because they do contribute new knowledge. Hence, we should demand absolute clarity in scientific writing. Most people no doubt must have heard this question: If a tree falls in the forest and there is no one there to hear its fall, does it make a sound? The correct answer is no. Sound is more than “pressure waves” and indeed there can be no sound without a hearer. Similarly, scientific communication is a two-way process. Just as a signal of any kind is useless unless it is perceived, a published research paper (signal) is useless unless it is both received and understood by its intended audience. Publication is no more than “pressure waves” unless the published paper is understood.

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