Term Paper in Philosophy

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INTRODUCTION:
In its most general sense, discipline refers to systematic instruction given to a disciple. This sense also preserves the origin of the word, which is Latin disciplina "instruction", from the root discere "to learn," and from which discipulus "disciple, pupil" also derives.

To discipline thus means to instruct a person or animal to follow a particular code of conduct, or to adhere to a certain "order." Consequently, "in the field of child development, discipline refers to methods of modeling character and of teaching self-control and acceptable behavior." So for example, to discipline a child to wash her/his hands before meals. Here, 'washing hands before meals' is a particular pattern of behavior, and the child is being disciplined to adopt that pattern. 'To disciple' also gives rise to the word disciplinarian, which denotes a person who enforces order.

Discipline is aimed to teaching children coping skills and discouraging inappropriate behavior. While punishment in the form of spanking, paddling or humiliating, which happened to be a common sight has detrimental side effects. According to Johnson (1998) “Punishment hurts makes one feel unworthy, unloved and ashamed.”

According to Christo (1997), it is important for parents to develop discipline as a positive aspect of bringing up children. In punishment, this should be given right after committing the offense. It must be severe enough to create anxiety. After punishment, it is important to assure them that they have been disciplined.

Ideally, discipline is based on appropriate expectations for each child, based on age and stage of development. It should be used to set reasonable limits in a consistent manner while still allowing some choice among acceptable alternatives. Discipline teaches both social and moral standards and should protect children from harm by teaching what is safe. It should also guide children to respect the rights and property of others.

In the school environment, discipline involves training a pupil in mind and character to enable him/her to become self-controlled and a constructive member of the class. Good discipline is needed in order to create a good learning environment.

It is in the reality that school discipline should be strengthened in order to offer brand of education that would produce quality graduates needed by the country and the world as a whole.
School discipline refers to regulation of children and the maintenance of order (rules) in schools. These rules may, for example, define the expected standards of clothing, timekeeping, social behavior and work ethic. The term may also be applied to the punishment that is the consequence of transgression of the code of behavior. For this reason the usage of school discipline sometimes means the administration of punishment, rather than behaving within the school rules.

One of the most difficult matters to handle for beginners and experienced teachers is effective classroom discipline. It is fact that all children are bothered with problems, emotionally, socially, physically and mentally but not too serious to let them create disturbances in a class. Unfortunately, there are some children who are severely troubled, thus exhibiting aggressive behavior.

This research will focus in one educational thought; this is the doctrine of formal discipline. In this research, the researcher will try to know some information in this kind of school of thought. And also what are the implications of this kind of school of thought in the present situation of education. The researcher will try to find out if this kind of educational thought is useful to adopt in the Philippine education. As an educator it is important to know the different kinds of school of thoughts, especially the theory of doctrine of formal discipline. In the belief among some people in the world, discipline is for the corporal punishment only which is not true. So that some people will...
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