Term Paper: Analysis of Twilight

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Linguistics is the study of natural language. Language is a form of communication between humans. Written language is the symbol of a language by means of a writing system, like the letters and word you are now reading. There is also a phonetic alphabet that is used to show the sounds of words this alphabet is called IPA. The IPA was first published in 1888 by the International Phonetic Association, a group of French language teachers founded by Paul Passy. The aim of the organization was to devise a system for transcribing the sounds of speech which was independent of any particular language and applicable to all languages. Using IPA I will be able to analyze a section of writing. The section of text that I will be analyzing is from The Twilight Saga: Twilight, book 1 written by Stephanie Meyers. The research will include phonetic, morphological, and syntactic analysis. This section of the story occurs when Bella Swan moves from sunny Phoenix to Forks, Washington, a damp and dreary town known for the most rainfall in the United States, to live with her dad; she isn’t expecting to like it. This is the selection: In the Olympic Peninsula of northwest Washington State, a small town named Forks exists under a near constant cover of clouds. It rains on this inconsequential town more than any other place in the United States of America. It was from this town and its gloomy, omnipresent shade that my mother escaped with me when I was only a few months old. It was in this town that I’d been compelled to spend a month every summer until I was fourteen. That was the year I finally put my foot down. These past three summers, my dad, Charlie, vacationed with me in California for two weeks instead. Phonetic analysis

In studding the alphabet or characters in some languages, one has to look at the speech of the word and the sounds that go along with it. This is called phonetics. In order to do any type of phonetic analysis on the section of text I will be transcribing it into IPA: ɪðəɪɪəɪəəəɔθɛɑʃɪŋəəɒɔɪɪəəəɪɑəəəəɪɑðɪɪŋɑəɛʃəɔðæɛəðəɪðəəəəɛəəɪəəðɪæɪɑəɛəʃðæəðəəɪθɛəəəθɪəɪðɪðæəɛɛəəθɛəəəəɪəɒðæəðəɪəʊʊðæθəəæʃɑʃəɪθɪæəɔəɔɪɛ

When evaluating the transcribed section of text, the analyzing reveals, there are 270 constants and 151 vowels. As shown in Table 1. This data will be further dissected in order to give a more complete analysis of the section of text. To understand how and where the sounds are shaped in the forming of words. Table 1: Constants and Vowels

Constants270
Vowels151
Total421

A consonant is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by a constriction or closure at one or more points along the vocal tract. There are several categories of sounds that I will be analyzing: the place of articulation of the sound, the manner of articulation of the sound, and whether or not the sound is voiced. Table 2 will be used as a visual reference in this next section. Table 2: Sounds

Place of Articulation →BilabialLabiodental
Dental
Alveolar
Palatal
VelarGlottal
Voiced or Not Voiced→-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Manner of Articulation ↓
Stops
7B
1t
28d
12k
11g
2
Fricativesf
7v
5
6
13s
0z
9
3
0
Affricatest
2d
0
Nasalsm
19n
40
2
Liquidsl =14
r=17
Glidesw
18j
13h
0
*note: letter or symbol =constant, #=how many in the selected text When one says a constant it can either be voiced or voiceless. Voicing refers to the articulatory process in which the vocal cords vibrate or whether they...
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