Abstract: In Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Thomas Hardy shows his sympathy to the contemporary peasant and the pure and kind spirit of the heroine, Tess. However, the author’s belief that one’s fate is unchangeable and unavoidable is much due to author’s mind limitation, considering the time period and geographical environment restriction.
Thomas Hardy was a famous writer in the nineteenth century. He was born in a county where people mainly lived on farming, so he was quite familiar with village life and the life style of peasants. He saw how the bourgeoisie exploited and oppressed the peasants and he showed his sympathy to them. He wrote several novels based on his life experiences and Tess of the D'Urbervilles is one of this kind. In this story, Hardy expressed his dissatisfaction to the society through Tess's tragedy and had great sympathy with Tess. However we can also found Hardy’s limitations of mind in this work. In Tess of the D'Urbervilles, the idea of fatalism penetrated the whole work. Hardy thought Tess’s tragedies were given by fate, and hence unchangeable and unavoidable. This point of view originated from his mind limitations and also showed his limitations evidently.
In Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Hardy arranged in a way that all misfortunes of the heroin Tess happened out of fortuitousness. At the very beginning, Tess’s father had been told that his family was a noble one by chance. Thrilled by the news, her father got so drunk and could not go to the fair. When Tess and her brother drove the carriage to the fair instead, their mainstay of income, an old horse, was struck to death by an accident. That was the beginning of Tess’s tragedy. In order to buy a new horse, Tess followed her mother’s suggestion and found a job working in one relative’s home where Tess was defiled by Alec d’Urbervilles. As the story went on, Tess met Angel and fell in love with him.... [continues]
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