By the following chart you can see clearly the late eighteenth century was the apex of the slave trade, as described by Philip Curtin. You can clearly see that over 60% of all slaves delivered to the New World were brought over between 1721-1820. Eighty per cent of the total were landed during a century and a half, 1701-1850. 2 I suppose one could find a similar spike in the sugar trade of the Americas, as well as the Rum exports from the colonies and the firearm exports from Europe.
A variety of Opinions
One conclusion that might be drawn is that, in reducing the estimated total export of slaves from about twenty million to about ten million, the harm to African societies is also reduced by half. This is obvious nonsense.
Phillip D. Curtin
No global estimate of the slave trade, or of any "underdevelopment" or "underpopulation" it may have caused [is] possible to believe or advocate any particular set or range of figures becomes and act of faith rather than an epistemologically sound decision.
Many specialists believe that Curtin's original estimate has to be revised upward . It seems probable that the ultimate figure is unlikely to be less than 12 million or more than 20 million.
Joseph E. Inikori and Stanley L. Engerman
How do most people think the slaves were obtained? Was it by large groups of European Soldiers that herded up the blacks from the coastal areas? Or could it have been done by other means? The accounts of Willem Bosman in his book Trading on the Slave Coast, 1700 give a different opinion. The Slave Trade was not motivated by race or origin, but by business. The trade was thought of just as any other business at the time. The same way you would look at the trade of Rum, Sugar or Spices. This is shown by the way a tradesman had to deal with the area King.3 While we continue to follow Bosman, we can see clearly that the local people here are involved as traders and businessmen, and not as innocent bystanders. You may ask your self what where they doing to assist? Were they simply rounding up their enemies? Were they giving up their family? They would have a small war like raiding to take prisoners. They in turn were changing from a political model of trade to an economic model of enslavement. This was caused by the ever, increasing...