Ministry of Higher Education King Abdual Al. Aziz University
Faculty of art and humanities English department
Tense and aspect in English and Arabic
Aziza Attia Al. Zharani .
Supervised : Dr. Salha Al. Qarni .
Title of research :
Tense and aspect in English and Arabic .
Need for the study :
-the reasons that make to interest about the tense and aspect such as explain to definition and types in a tense and aspect in English and Arabic and structure the verb phrase in sentences in English and Arabic . The research will be includes:
* Verb phrase in English .
*tense and aspect in English .
* Verb phrase in Arabic .
*tense and aspect in Arabic .
statement of the problem :
tense and aspect in English and Arabic and some suggestion to solve the problem . disguise the difference in Arabic and explain the similar between two language . definition of terms :
tense :a morphological category so aorist tense means a particular form of the verb . aspect: a category used in describing how the action of a verb is marked. Verb phrase: Verb phrase consists of a verb and all the words and words groups that belong the verb and cluster around it. Hypothesis :
-the research gives the students a brief glimpse of the theory and practice . -to explain the mistakes that most people felt in it ,a particular in tense and aspect and generally in much grammar. In the research try to solve some common mistakes. -to study the difference structure in English and Arabic also tense and aspect . -the problem in a grammar make a problem in pronunciation and spelling so we need to treatment this point. Review of the related literature :
-Abdullah ,a . Breaking The Arabic Code (verbs). The middle east . Palmwe, F . Apelican Original Grammer .1971 .England .
-Stageberg , n . An Introduction English Grammar.1977.United states of American. -Tipping, L. (1927). A higher English grammar. Machillan & Co : London. -Tregidgo, P.S. (1974). English Tense Usage: A Bull's-Eye View. ELT, 28, 97-107. -WWW.Vegasociety.Com/Arabicpast-Future Html
Research methodology :
I. INTRODUTION .
A . What is grammar .
B. why to study grammar.
II. Tense and aspect in English .
1- Verb phrase in English .
2-defination and examples tense and aspect in English . 3- types and examples tense and aspect in English.
III. Tense and aspect in Arabic
1- Verb phrase in Arabic.
2-Definition and examples tense and aspect in Arabic . 3-Types and examples tense and aspect in Arabic .
IV. A. Conclusion .
Personally, I'd like to thank all those who have helped with their advice and efforts …
I'd like also to thank all the English staff, especially my instructor, Dr. Salhah Al .Qarni . for her valuable advice.
For my parents, friends and everyone, I dedicate my research.
1.1 What is Grammar?
Grammar is the system of a language. People sometimes describe grammar as the "rules" of a language; but in fact no language has rules. If we use the word "rules", we suggest that somebody created the rules first and then spoke the language, like a new game. But languages did not start like that. Languages started by people making sounds which evolved into words, phrases and sentences. No...