Tense and Aspect in English and Arabic

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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Ministry of Higher Education King Abdual Al. Aziz University

Faculty of art and humanities English department

Tense and aspect in English and Arabic
By
Aziza Attia Al. Zharani .
Supervised : Dr. Salha Al. Qarni .

2011

objective methodology:
Title of research :
Tense and aspect in English and Arabic .
Need for the study :
-the reasons that make to interest about the tense and aspect such as explain to definition and types in a tense and aspect in English and Arabic and structure the verb phrase in sentences in English and Arabic . The research will be includes:

* Verb phrase in English .
*tense and aspect in English .
* Verb phrase in Arabic .
*tense and aspect in Arabic .
*conclusion .
* bibliography.
statement of the problem :
tense and aspect in English and Arabic and some suggestion to solve the problem . disguise the difference in Arabic and explain the similar between two language . definition of terms :
tense :a morphological category so aorist tense means a particular form of the verb . aspect: a category used in describing how the action of a verb is marked. Verb phrase: Verb phrase consists of a verb and all the words and words groups that belong the verb and cluster around it. Hypothesis :

-the research gives the students a brief glimpse of the theory and practice . -to explain the mistakes that most people felt in it ,a particular in tense and aspect and generally in much grammar. In the research try to solve some common mistakes. -to study the difference structure in English and Arabic also tense and aspect . -the problem in a grammar make a problem in pronunciation and spelling so we need to treatment this point. Review of the related literature :

-Abdullah ,a . Breaking The Arabic Code (verbs). The middle east . Palmwe, F . Apelican Original Grammer .1971 .England .
-Stageberg , n . An Introduction English Grammar.1977.United states of American. -Tipping, L. (1927). A higher English grammar. Machillan & Co : London. -Tregidgo, P.S. (1974). English Tense Usage: A Bull's-Eye View. ELT, 28, 97-107. -WWW.Vegasociety.Com/Arabicpast-Future Html

Research methodology :
Theoretical methods.
Outline
I. INTRODUTION .
A . What is grammar .
B. why to study grammar.

II. Tense and aspect in English .

1- Verb phrase in English .
2-defination and examples tense and aspect in English . 3- types and examples tense and aspect in English.

III. Tense and aspect in Arabic

1- Verb phrase in Arabic.
2-Definition and examples tense and aspect in Arabic . 3-Types and examples tense and aspect in Arabic .

IV. A. Conclusion .
B. references.

Dedication
Personally, I'd like to thank all those who have helped with their advice and efforts …

I'd like also to thank all the English staff, especially my instructor, Dr. Salhah Al .Qarni . for her valuable advice.

For my parents, friends and everyone, I dedicate my research.
1.Introduction

1.1 What is Grammar?
Grammar is the system of a language. People sometimes describe grammar as the "rules" of a language; but in fact no language has rules. If we use the word "rules", we suggest that somebody created the rules first and then spoke the language, like a new game. But languages did not start like that. Languages started by people making sounds which evolved into words, phrases and sentences. No...
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