A tennis court is where the game of tennis is played. It is a big rectangular surface with a low net stretched across the middle. The same surface can be used to play both doubles and singles. Tennis is played on a rectangular flat surface, usually of grass, clay, concrete (hard court) or a synthetic court. The court is 78 feet (23.78 m) long, 39 feet on a side. Its width is 27 feet (8.23 m) for singles matches and 36 feet (10.97 m) for doubles matches.]The service line is 21 feet (6.40 m) from the net. Additional clear space around the court is needed in order for players to reach balls for a total of 60 feet (18.3 m) wide and 120 feet (36.7 m) long. A net is stretched across the full width of the court, parallel with the baselines, dividing it into two equal ends. The net is 3 feet 6 inches (1.07 m) high at the posts, and 3 feet (0.914 m) high in the center. There are four main types of courts depending on the materials used for the court surface: clay courts, hard courts, grass courts and carpet courts. Each playing surface has its own characteristics which affect the playing style of the game. Of the Grand Slam tournaments, the U.S. Open and Australian Open use hard courts (though both used grass courts in the past, and the U.S. Open also used clay courts from 1975 through 1977), the French Open is played on clay (though it too was played on grass before 1928), and Wimbledon is played on grass.Clay courts are made of crushed shale, stone, or brick. The red clay is slower] than the green court. The French Open uses clay courts, unlike the other three Grand Slam tournaments of each year. Grass courts are the fastest type of courts in common use. They consist of grass grown on very hard-packed soil, which adds bounces depending on how healthy the grass is, how recently it has been mown, and the wear and tear of recent play. Hard courts are very fast types of tennis courts, where fast hard-hitting players have a slight advantage. Hard courts can...
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