Temperate Forests

Topics: Plant, Evergreen, Pinophyta Pages: 2 (502 words) Published: March 13, 2011
Temperate forest

The temperate forests contain a mixture of deciduous and coniferous trees.

Geographic Distribution

The temperate forests are located in Eastern and Western United states, Chile, Europe, South Africa, West Asia, China , Japan, South and North Korea, Southern Australia, Parts of Russia and New zealand.


In a temperate forest there are four definate seasons. Spring time brings new life to the trees and plants, warm temperatures, and rain which helps everything grow. Summer is hot, and everything is green, and all the trees now have leaves. Fall is cold. The trees are beginning to change colors such as red, yellow, and bright orange. Winter months are extremely cold. All trees lose their leaves. In the temperate forest the average temperature is 60 degree F. Mostly in January. The average rain fall is between 30 to 60. The temperate forests get about 35 to 60 inches of percipitation per year. Mostly in June and July.


Some of the animals that live in the temperate forests are Black Bears, Nightangles, Squirrels, Racoons, Timber Wolves, and Deers.


Some of the tree in temperate forest are Pine trees and Cupressacae which are from Coniferous family. They have needle shaped leaves, and seed bearing cones. The trees Elm and oak are some other trees intemperate forest which are from deciduous family. They have thin, broad, and light weighted leaves.

Plant adaptation in temperate forest

In coniferous forest, tree mostly have needle like leaves which allows them to collect sunlight with minimum of evaporation loss. They are able to tolerate freezing and storms. Being evergreen helps conserve energy, since production of leaves takes a lot of energy, and it is more efficient to keep a leaf for several years. In Deciduous forest, many trees have thick bark to protect the tree in cold winter and storms. Their broad leaves can capture a lot of sunlight for the tree. And in autumn they drop their leaves to...
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