The Background of Hafez
Name: Khajeh Shamseddin Mohammad Hafiz-s Shirazi. Another variation of spelling is: Khwajeh Shams al-Din Muhammad Hafez-e Shirazi.
Date of birth: Sometime between the years 1310-1325 A.D. or 712-727 A.H. The most probable date is either 1320, or 1325 A.D. Place of birth: Shiraz, in South-central Iran.
Hafiz married in his twenties, even though he continued his love for Shakh-e Nabat, as the manifest symbol of her Creator's beauty. He had memorized the Koran by listening to his father's recitations of it that’s why he has called Hafez. He also had memorized many of the works of his hero, Saadi, as wells as Attar, Rumi and Nizami (other famous poets). His father who was a coal merchant died, leaving him and his mother with much debt. Hafiz and his mother went to live with his uncle .He left day school to work in a drapery shop and later in a bakery. While still working at the bakery, Hafiz delivered bread to a wealthy quarter of town and saw Shakh-e Nabat, a young woman of incredible beauty. Many of his poems are addressed to Shakh-e Nabat. In pursuit of reaching his beloved. Hafiz kept a forty day and night vigil at the tomb of Baba Kuhi. After successfully attaining this, he met Attar and became his disciple. Later Shah Shuja(king) took his tyrant father as prisoner and re-instated Hafiz as a teacher at the college. He began his phase of subtle spirituality in his poetry. After Falling out of favor with Shah Shuja(king). Hafiz fled Shiraz for his safety and went into self-imposed exile in Isfahan. His poems mainly talk of his longing for Shiraz, for Shakh-e Nabat, and for his spiritual Master, Attar (not the famous Farid-uddin Attar of Neishabour - who predates Hafiz by a couple of centuries - but the lesser known Attar of Shiraz). At age 52 by invitation of Shah Shuja,...