Rivalry among competitors
The Indian Telecom industry is comprised of three types of players. The State owned companies, private companies and foreign invested companies. Main State owned companies are BSNL and MTNL. Major private Indian owned companies include Tata teleservice, Tata Communications, Reliance communications. And finally, the major foreign invested companies in this sector are Vodafone, Idea cellular, Bharti Airtel Limited. BSNL
Bharath Sanchar Nigam Limited was formed in October 2000, When the Department of Telecom operations of Government of India was converted in to a company. It is presently the leading telecommunication company in India. It is also the largest public sector firm of the country. Presently, it has got about 46 million basic telephone capacity, 8 million Wireless Local Loop (WLL) capacity and about 52 million GSM capacity. BSNL is way ahead in landline subscribers compared to its rivals, with about 35.1 million basic phone subscribers, which is 85% of the subscriber base. BSNL has got about 2.5 million internet customers. In cellular services, BSNL is competing with the top contenders so as to become the largest provider of GSM services. Bharti Airtel
Bharti Airtel is one of India’s leading telecom service provider. It concentrates on GSM services, wireless landline services, internet broadband services and also Direct To Home(DTH) digital TV services. Airtel extents its presence in all 22 licensed India telecom circles. It also provides GSM services in countries like Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and also 16 countries in Africa. It has about 187.7 million GSM subscribers. It is also the largest mobile service provider in the country, with 21.34% market share in India. Reliance communications
Reliance communications formerly Reliance infocomm, a leading integrated telecom company, is a flagship company of the Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group (ADAG) of companies. It has over 100 million customers. Reliance India mobile was launched in 2002. It was the initial initiative of Reliance communications. Since then it has grown to become one of the leading provider of CDMA services in India. Reliance communications also provide internet broadband service and fixed landline telecommunication service in India. Lately, Reliance communications have launched their DTH Digital TV service called the BIG TV. Reliance communications have the second most market share in mobile service provider in India with 17.37% of the market share. Tata Teleservices Limited
Tata Teleservices limited is the telecommunications wing of the Tata Group, the business giant in India. It is one of the main CDMA service providers in India. Tata Teleservices started its operation in 2005 under the brand name Tata Indicom. Presently Tata Indicom has its presence in all the 22 telecom circles in India. Tata Indicom was found to be having the least congested network in a survey conducted by Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). In 2008 Tata launched its GSM service called the Tata Docomo. Tata Docomo marked significant milestone in Indian telecom industry, by introducing the per second tariff. Other than CDMA and GSM services, Tata Teleservices also provides internet services. Tata Teleservice has over 70 million customers in the country. Tata Communications
Tata Communications was formed by merging VSNL, VSNL International and Teleglobe. Tata Communications is a leading global player in the world of communication. It has one of the most advanced technologies in the world. Tata Communications have got the largest sub marine cable networks in the world. It connects to over 200 countries across 400 PoPs. Services of Tata Communications include broadband, Wi Fi services, Net Telephony, Mail services etc. Vodafone Essar
Vodafone Essar is Vodafone Group’s Indian subsidiary. Vodafone started its Indian operations in 1994. It was formarly known as Hutch. Vodafone is presently the leading provider of...