Tefl Unit 2

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  • Topic: Noun, Verb, Grammatical number
  • Pages : 7 (659 words )
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  • Published : May 24, 2013
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Finished Unit 2

Task 1 - Write 5 examples of each of the following:

Countable noun

1.People
2.Money
3.Cups
4.Bags
5.Pens

Uncountable noun

1.Music
2. Golf
3.Information
4.Water
5.Ham

Adjective

1.Red
2.Thin
3.Round
4.Good
5.Quiet

Adverb

1.Probably
2.Out
3.Often
4.Rather
5.Never

Preposition

1.Below
2.During
3.Near
4.Between
5.After
Verb

1. Drove
2. Slept
3. Play
4. Read
5. Jump

Pronoun

1. You
2. This
3. Who
4. Ours
5. My

Infinitive

1. I want to go to bed
2. I would like to play
3. I don’t like to watch
4. Time to leave I’m tired
5. She told me not to cry

Gerund

1. Eating
2. Learning
3. Walking
4. Waiting
5. Asking

Comparative adjective

1. Sarah is taller than Sue
2. Sue is smaller than Sarah
3. Mark is older than Mike
4. Mike is younger than Mark
5. Debbie is wiser than Danielle

Superlative adjective

1. Tallest
2. Smartest
3. Shortest
4. Oldest
5. Youngest

Article (3 only)

1. The
2. A
3. An

Conjunction

1. Or
2. As soon as
3. Although
4. Until
5. When

6. Task 2 – Identify the parts of speech in the following sentence:

I usually go swimming with my best friend and his rather unusual girlfriend.

a) I -Pronoun

b) usually -Adverb

c) go -Verb

d) swimming -Gerund

e) with -Conjunction

f)my -Pronoun

g)best -Superlative Adjective

h)friend -Noun

I)and -Conjunction

j)his -Pronoun

k)rather -Conjunction

l)unusual -Adjective

m) girlfriend -Noun

Task 3 – State the differences between the following, and give an example of each:

a) Adjectives and adverbs

Adjectives describe how something is and adverbs add definitive information to the sentence.

I always like to keep my house clean

b) Nouns and pronouns

A noun is a person, place or thing and pronouns can be used to group nouns.

I am going to watch a movie

Task 4 – Explain the following parts of speech as you would to a student. An example sentence would help to clarify your explanation:

a) Conjunctions –

Is a part of speech that connects two words or phrases together.

My friends and I are going to the cinema

b) Gerunds –
Is the verbs’ action noun.

I am doing the dishes

c) Verbs –

Are normally described as the ‘doing’ word. It’s used with a subject to form the basis of a sentence. There are also state verbs, be, seem, appear, smell, etc. There are 2 types of verbs transitive and intransitive. A transitive verb is a verb followed by an object and an intransitive verb is a verb that cannot be followed by an object.

We run in the park
The baby cried

d) Comparative adjectives –

Compare people, places etc. It is used with a conjunction. To do this we add ER to the adjective plus the conjunction.

Sarah is smarter than Lynne

e)Prepositions -

Show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and some other word in the sentence

There are 3 types

Time:After, before, in, out etc
Movement: Through, over, in etc
Place: Beside, under, next etc

e) Superlative adjectives –

Denotes that a noun is greater than any other noun, we add EST to the end of the adjective

Danielle is the smartest.

Task 5 – What do articles do in a sentence? Give examples of your own.

An article is a word you use with a noun to indicate what the noun is doing

There are two types: Definitive article (the) is used before singular and plural nouns that refer to a particular member of the group

The baby is sleeping in the cot

Indefinite Articles are used before singular nouns.

A simple way to remember this is ‘A’ is used for nouns that start with a consonant and ‘An’ is used for nouns that starts with vowels.

I would...
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