Teenage Pregnancy

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Teenage pregnancy can be defined as pregnancy of women who have not reached twenty years when the pregnancy ends regardless of the marital status. In South Africa one in three girls has had a pregnancy before the age of twenty. The community at large is aware of the problem of teenage pregnancy. Young women in our communities are falling pregnant while still at school, which limits their ability to achieve their long awaited goals in life.  It also puts them at high risk of being infected with HIV because they are having unprotected sex. In the Eastern Cape, HIV prevalence is higher among school aged youth than adults and the province has the highest teenage pregnancy rate in the country.  Causes such as social pressure, child support grant and lack of education to name a few, have been the major causes of teenage pregnancies. However there need to be solutions in order to reduce these high rates of teenage pregnancies. This essay is going to explore the causes of teenage pregnancies in East London and also the solution to this problem. Social Pressures are the combined pressures that surround one during everyday life such as Peer Pressure, Academic Pressures and Socioeconomic Pressure. Poverty is associated with increased rates of teenage pregnancy. Peer pressure usually arises from friends at school who influence each other in gang activities such as smoking or drinking alcohol outside school. One would think that he or she has complete control over these pressures but when a situation arise your ideas may not be as clear as they are at another time. Social Pressures and self affirmation can be confusing and stressful as they often prevented young women from using contraception. Girls felt they would only be accepted as women once they had proved their fertility - many mothers wanted their teenage daughters to become pregnant so they could have a baby at home again," according to one teenage who faced the situation two years ago. Drugs and alcohol abuse have played a negative role in the in the teenage life which may directly influence teenagers to engage in riskier behaviour thus engaging in sexual activities. One teenage in southernwood East London admitted to smoking marijuana and drinking cough syrup named bronchi which is taken for cough medication but usually abused as a stimulator since it has high alcohol percentage of 7% in a bottle of 150 ml. Lack of sex education especially to girls has resulted in high rates of teenage pregnancy. Sex education should be imparted upon the girls so that there should be equipped with sufficient knowledge and thereby avoiding themselves from being victims of teenage pregnancy. Contraceptives are usually barrier methods such as condoms and usually lack on knowledge has contributed to the teenage pregnancy. Many teenagers are too embarrassed to seek for such information according to the Nahoon clinic in East London. Contraceptives pills or condoms are usually given to the adults usually aged 25 and above while a few teenagers ask for it. Prejudices about the side effects of teenage pregnancy such as acne have had negative influence from friends resulting in most teenagers refraining from them. High rates of teenage pregnancy have been victims of rape incest or other sexual abuse. In South Africa many cases of teenage rape rose each and every day. Hence fathers should be involved in the physical care of their children as they are less likely to sexually abuse their own or any other child in the future. To break the cycle of sexual abuse which often leads to teenage pregnancy, intensive family support programs needed to teach fathers or any male about parenting and help them connect with the children from birth. Teenage pregnancy has severe effects on our countries’ cultures, economies and affects people socially. It has caused great humiliation in a girls social life. Parents usually feel ashamed of their daughters as pregnancy usually mocks their negligence public in society....
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