Research Process to Problems
in Health Care: Teen Pregnancy
Teenage pregnancy is a life altering experience for teens between the average ages of 13-19. The life altering experience can be school interruptions, family dynamics, and other future plans. Currently “there is an estimated one million teen pregnancies in the United States. About 85% of these pregnancies are unplanned, which in any population can increase the risk for problems” (Weiss, 2009). Douglas Kirby, researchers, and program developers conducted a 20- year research study to understand the rate of teen pregnancy and provide simple solutions, such proper usage of condoms to reduce teen pregnancy. Kirby’s 20-year research program was conducted between the years of 1979 to 1999. During these years, the United States was concerned about the increase of teen pregnancy. Many Americans believe “sex education programs could provide American youth with needed information about sexual behavior, contraception, and pregnancy; and a desire to find effective sex education programs and demonstrate their effectiveness through research. At that time HIV/AIDS was not known, and not part of our concerns, but there was concern about STD more generally. During these past 20 years, our field has come a long way, both in the development and use of research methods and in its understanding of adolescent sexual behavior, teen pregnancy, and programs that affect them” (Kirby, 1999, p. 89). The 20-year research study revealed a few problems: the rate of teen pregnancy was high, lack of sex education and communication, improper contraceptive methods, and awareness. Therefore, D. Kirby and his research team created various advanced research methods to substantiate their findings. The advanced research methods used were: “measurement of sexual behavior; sample sizes and calculation of statistical power; measurements of long-term effects; use of...