The basic role of all social workers is to assist in the interactions between the individual and his or her social environment. According to Pray (1947), the basic objective of the social worker is to “facilitate the process of social adjustment of individual people through the development and constructive use of social relationships with which they can find their own fulfillment and can discharge adequately their social responsibilities.” Within this general definition lie the three specializations of the social work profession—casework, group work, and community organization. Within each of these realms, the social worker’s role is to help an individual or group realize their strengths and abilities, to help them utilize these assets to engage society, and mediate this process of interaction throughout (Schwartz, 1969). It is the practitioners’ sensitivity to the “person-in-environment” situation and the interaction between the two arenas that truly guides the profession. The sexual revolution has ushered in a period in which the average adolescent experiences tremendous pressures to have sexual experiences of all kinds. Filipino teens get a higher exposure to sex from the Internet, magazines, TV shows, movies and other media than decades ago, yet without any corresponding increase in information on how to handle the input. And kids are pretty much left to other kids for opinions and value formation when it comes to sex. Sexual misinformation is therefore equally shared in the group. Parents at home and teachers in school feel equally inadequate or uneasy to discuss the topic of sex with youngsters. The problem mounts because the barkada (gang) has a more profound influence than parents do and they exert pressure and expect the adolescent to conform to the rest of them. Pregnant and parenting teens have needs that are unique to the developmental stages of adolescence, in addition to the needs common to all pregnant women, mothers, and fathers. While teen pregnancy prevention advocates continue to place much needed attention on reducing teen pregnancy and teen birth rates, programs and information about teenage pregnancy often focus solely on prevention, with little emphasis placed on providing services for teens that are already pregnant and/or have become parents. In an effort to address this gap in practice and knowledge, this report discusses the importance of addressing the special needs of pregnant and parenting teens in order to improve their health and life outcomes; and those of their children. Here in the Philippines, we believe in the saying of our national hero Dr. Jose P. Rizal that “Youth is the hope of our Mother land”. In their hands lies the future generation to follow. But as we see from nowadays, what were expecting from the youth is the contrary of the saying. Teenagers are more prone to pregnancy. Almost every year there is a rapid increase on the number of pregnant youths. One of the major causes of this problem is the most of the youths nowadays grew in broken homes. Parents either the father or mother of the youths chose to leave their children behind because of the fact that they cannot handle anymore their obligations as parents. In relation to this problem, our government is now working on the Reproductive Health Bill (RH Bill) as one of the most effective solution not only to teenage pregnancy but also to the increasing population of our country.
II. Course Description
PHILIPPINE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK
Field Instruction Program
Master of Science in Social Work
TERMS OF REFERENCE (TOR)
The Field Instruction Courses (FICs).Levels I &II, of the MSSW Program are designed to enhance the competence of the student in Social Work (SW), and prepare him /her for practice according to her /his chosen area of specialization, to wit: Advanced program that enables the student to adapt in a conscious, purposeful & deliberate manner the knowledge base of SW into his /her...
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