1.Teen pregnancy is up partly because there is less of a stigma associated with teen pregnancy since there is more of a "cultural permission" to be a younger mother. The rise is also partly due to the portrayal of celebrity teens such as Jamie Lynn Spears in the media and other cultural shifts, giving teens the idea that "having a baby is the new handbag".
2.The reason the authors use allusion in the first paragraph is to show the readers that teen pregnancy is becoming a trend amongst celebrities and its sweeping teen culture along with it. Whether or not the average teen thinks unplanned pregnancy is fashionable, there are numerous celebrity and pop culture examples of hip, unmarried moms. The author pointed to Nicole Richie and Jessica Alba, and movies such as "Knocked Up" and "Waitress" as examples of these "cool" unmarried celebrities that teenagers look up to as role models.
3.a) The problems that arise when using examples of authority is that statistics can be misinterpreted by the readers. Two legitimate sources on the same topic can provide two different stats. When the author uses statistics and theoretical research in the article it is simply used as an example, and not as a fact. Statistics can vary depending on the location and the results may be different. b) The inherent paradox that such statistics reveal is that two stats can show entirely different results and completely contradict each other, yet they can still make sense on their own.
4.We are living in an era when not getting pregnant should be easy because we have a lot more contraceptives now then we did in the past. We live in a society where we are educated about sex at an earlier age in school. Also there are a lot more abortion clinics available and numerous birth control methods, ranging from over-the-counter male and female condoms, and spermicides. Other contraceptive options include the day after pill, fertility awareness and voluntary surgical sterilization. These are just a few examples of why not getting pregnant should be easier in our time period.
5.There are a myriad of factors that contribute to the rise in teen pregnancy in America. The reason why the country's rates of teen pregnancy are high is that Americans simply do not have a strong social norm that teen pregnancy is not "OK". For teens, many blame the rise if teen pregnancy on abstinence-only-programs, saying that they deny teens of information that could help them make safer decisions when they do have sex. Poor access to emergency contraception and abortion also may explain the increase in teen births. There are more limits now on abortions such as longer waiting periods, fewer abortion providers, parental permission, and large fees. Teen pregnancy in America is becoming socially accepted in society. Schools are even planning to implement a four week maternity leave for students so they can recover and get used to the baby without penalties for missing class. This gives young individuals the idea that it is acceptable to be pregnant and they will be provided with support. Canada has a slightly lower percent in teen pregnancy in comparison to the US. However, Canada should consider the rises in other countries as foreshadowing of what could happen to them. The rise on teen pregnancy was spread over almost every ethnic group except for Asians. The reason for this disparity can be that in Asian countries, there is a very strong social norm that there is a sequence to life's events, and it is not acceptable to begin a family at the age of 16.
6.Abortion is a politicized, divisive issue because a lot of people believe it is wrong to take away an innocent life. These people usually argue that a fetus is still considered a baby no matter how old it is and that no one should be given the right to kill it. I am not against abortions because I believe it is more wrong to bring an unwanted baby into a world, than to neglect it...