September 10, 2012
DR. BENJAMIN GRAY
In this paper we will attempt to discuss the political controversy over abstinence-only sex education programs in our schools. Teen pregnancy and childbearing bring substantial social and economic costs through immediate and long-term impacts on teen parents and their children. The advantages (which there aren’t any) and disadvantages, and the effect it has on the society in a whole. In a nut shell we are talking about teenage pregnancy. I quote from the CDC (centers for disease control and prevention) “Evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention programs typically address specific protective factors on the basis of knowledge, skills, beliefs, or attitudes related to teen pregnancy. 1. Knowledge of sexual issues, HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy (including methods of prevention). 2. Perception of HIV risk.
3. Personal values about sex and abstinence.
4. Attitudes toward condoms (pro and con).
5. Perception of peer norms and behavior about sex.
6. Individual ability to refuse sex and to use condoms.
7. Intent to abstain from sex or limit number of partners. 8. Communication with parents or other adults about sex, condoms, and contraception. 9. Individual ability to avoid HIV/STD risk and risk behaviors. 10. Avoidance of places and situations that might lead to sex. 11. Intent to use a condom.
Teen pregnancy is indeed a social issue it not only affect the families but it also affects the teens. Years ago, and I am talking from experience in some families sex was considered taboo. Which means it was not a subject that was freely talked about. To my recollection there was no contraception spoke of and nor sex education classes were being given in the schools. Only if and when someone got pregnant maybe something was said. There was also times when a teenage female got pregnant the parent raised the child as her own. The child was kept at home and was not seen until after the birth and far as anyone knew she was at home helping to bring in the harvest. Because in those days it was nothing new to keep the older kids out of school to help with the chores during harvest time.
When we see a pregnant teenager raising a child one may think they were raped or just to young to have a child. When in fact, it is a social issue, that they were exposed to in their society, the society of the home, community and school. There are different reasons why females, young females have sex and children out of wedlock. The facts are obvious teenage females are, highly influenced by several social issues, but those that lack strong parental guidance, sex education, and positive mass media are more than likely to have premarital sex. I quote “Teen Pregnancy on the Rise” Sipokazi Maposa says that in developing countries, teenage pregnancies are associated with many social issues, lower educational levels, higher rates of poverty and not strong parental guidance in the teenage life.”
There is a lack of communication through the child and the parents and that is one of the primary reasons for teen pregnancy. Statistics show that children without parental guidance are more subject to become parents a young age. To a teenager a child provides positive regard (love), affection and fulfills the social loss (the attention they would otherwise receive from their parents).
There are different ways of preventing teen pregnancy. One is abstinence which means to refrain from having sexual intercourse. If we as parents spend more time talking to our teenager and being accessible to them then we would know when and if they are considering sex. It is pertinent in a child’s life to feel comfortable about talking to us. In this generation we as parents have become our children best friend instead of parent and when this happen we lose contact and control of the situation. We must practice what...