Loland and Caplan- ‘’The ethics of technologically constructed hypoxic environments in sport’’ Loland and Caplan- ‘’The ethics of technologically constructed hypoxic environments in sport’’ Recreation Technology
Patrick J. Dundass
Student No. 20040460
Patrick J. Dundass
Student No. 20040460
Since the very beginning of sport scientific, technological and medical means have helped propel athletes of all skill levels to develop and enhance their abilities. Tennis rackets, golf clubs and pole vaults are basic and necessary apparatuses to their sport and science has allowed alterations to these types of equipment to see vast improvements in performance. More complex equipment such as running suits, swim suits and footwear are more highly developed examples of technology which has driven athletes to unprecedented levels of performance never though previously possible. In the present day, the most up to date and latest expertise and know-how in the form of technological advancements have been bestowed unto us. Gene doping and the use of performance enhancing substances are readily obtained and exploited by athletes wanting to gain an edge using physical modification. Along with these, developments and furtherance of technologies for paralympians have enabled them to engage and perform functional activities in everyday life and evolved to the point of allowing these individuals to compete at an elite sporting level. An example of this is the flex foot cheetah a prosthetic substitute for a person’s foot, with the purpose of this not only allowing the athlete basic mobility but to gain the ability to store energy in propelling the athlete to run and jump further due to the added spring modification of this device. High profile cases in the Paralympics and the Olympics involving the use of devices such as the flex foot cheetah has caused furore prompting investigations into this device. Is this technology beneficial in a sporting sense or general sense for athletes or non-competitive individuals? Is it safe to operate this device, are there possible short/long term implications for its use? Can fairness be employed into sport with the development of this device and others and is this technology in accordance to the purity and spirit of sport itself? This essay is in search to provide explanations to these questions distinctively looking at the flex foot cheetah as an example and designing and creating a framework for determining the effects this type of technology has on current and the future of sport in society. Thin interpretations
In society the general rules of existing competition are viewed as both necessary and sufficient in maintaining the very value of the competitive spectrum of sport. Examples of this in the world of sports such as diving in soccer and the use of a head-butt in boxing are all frowned upon as they take away from the very essence of it and without these rules in play the grasp of the very understanding of it is thrown in jeopardy. These rules allow for accurate assessment for achievement and an even playing field for fellow competitive athletes. Thin interpretations however dismiss the notion of performance ways externally in relation to sport apart from what is deemed legal or illegal by legislation. Thin interpretations view areas such as Paralympic technology a necessity and simply a part of sport. In the Paralympic world it is seen that technology has had a very positive outcome on the view of society in relation to the individuals with disabilities (Steadward & Peterson, 1999). In human enhancement it allows athletes who use this equipment to reach levels never thought previously possible and with the combination of skill, speed and strength attributes it can even make dis-abled individuals serious contenders against able-bodied individuals such as in the case of...
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