COMMUNICATION IN R&D COLLABORATION
Author:HEIDI OLANDER, PIA HURMELINNA-LAUKKANEN
Source:International Journal of Innovation Management. Jun2010, Vol.
14 issue 3, p415-433, 19p, 1 diagram, 4 images.
Abstract:Prior research has shown that the level of communication has an on the learning outcomes in R&D alliances and, subsequently, on performance. The level of communication depends on issues such as the systems that enhance knowledge sharing and the factors that deter knowledge flows, such as tacitness of knowledge and (deliberate) barriers set up to limit knowledge transfer. Innovations and value can only be created through sufficiently open knowledge sharing. But on the other hand, too open knowledge sharing might outrun the value gained by innovations if the knowledge lost would leave the knowledge sharing firm vulnerable. Yet, there is still a lack of understanding on which factors are responsible of the level of communication and to what extent. In particular, it has often been forgotten that HRM-related mechanisms are not only functional within firms, but also between firms. Thus, in this study, the HRM-related mechanisms that contribute to both of these areas are examined by using empirical quantitative data gathered from 83 Finnish R&D intensive firms.
Theory and Hypotheses
Strong HRM system for knowledge sharing has been extensively researched in different disciplines, but especially in the inter-ﬁrm context (Doz and Hamel, 1997; Mowery et al., 1996;Zahra and George, 2002) and in many cases, knowledge sharing has been discussed in terms of innovation (e.g., Hoecht and Trott, 1999; Jantunen, 2005).
Knowledge sharing between ﬁrms has often been thought of including ﬁrms that specialize in speedy and efﬁcient knowledge creation and transfer (Kogut and Zander, 1992). Dhanaraj and Parkhe (2006) discuss knowledge mobility as the ease of knowledge sharing and transfer in...