Technology and Society in Brave New World

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Technology plays a crucial role keeping orders in the society of Brave New World, everything from producing new members of the society to conditioning to fit their positions in the social ladder and to continue keeping the stability with biological and psychological drugs. Cloning is used to produce new members of society, conditioning is used to fix the minds and brainwash every members to think and feels in certain ways, and Soma; a psychological drug is used to keep the stability in place by keeping everyone happy and removing negative emotions that would potentially destabilize the social structures. The World State use these tools made available by its advance technologies to implement its guiding motto: “Community, Identity, Stability.” (15) The very structures of social orders would not be possible without these advanced technologies. In the novel, every single new member of society begins their lives inside the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. Human beings are produced in factories and conditioned to serve their roles in the World State. Resulting in the society to divided into five classes or namely “castes.” The castes are: Alphas, Betas, Gammas, Deltas and Epsilons. Individuals are genetically engineered accordance with their caste. Alphas and Betas are the two highest and most powerful castes and they are not mass produced, therefore the two highest classes have some degree of individuality. The three lower castes are mass produced by the method of cloning. Individuality is not at all important in the lower classes because they only perform identical task at identical machines. “Ninety-six identical twins working ninety-six identical machines!” (18) Conditioning is used to keep the castes happy in their role of World State society as the lower caste clones will never reach the higher castes standards. “That is the secret of happiness and virtue-liking what you’ve got to do. All conditioning aims at that: making people like...
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