The concept adopted in the international symposium in Paris in 1985 defines technology as “the science of knowing what to do and the creative process where you can use tools and resources to solve problems and improve the human condition”.
In the first concept, technology and science go together. We can say that technology is applied science. However the second concept tells us that technological developments existed long before the scientific Knowledge, this concept clarifies that technology is not necessarily applied science.
For many centuries the Lower Paleolithic humans were mostly nomads, they fed themselves by hunting, fishing… and their instruments were simple objects: Ex.: Stones, barely modified wood. Then, in the upper Paleolithic these instruments were developed and improved, and they also learned how to control the fire. During the Neolithic period they invented an instrument that it could be said that it is the starting point in the evolution of technology, this instrument is “the plough” this invention generated a real revolution, the transformation of the nomadic life into sedentary.
All this has resulted in the formation of large empires such as the Babylonian Empire, the Assyrian Empire and Egypt. These societies began with the division of social classes.
In this context there is also a very important and momentous fact: the emergence of writing, measurement and calculation.
Advances in science and technology
The science was in hand of the priests and nobles, while the manual tasks were carried out by the rest of the people.