Technology and Law Enforcement

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New Technology 1

Technology and Law Enforcement

La Shon C. Collins
Introduction to Criminal Justice - 14M
Instructor: Daniel Redder
March 17, 2013
New Technology 2
National Crime Information Center (NCIC)
In 1964, there was only one city in the USA that had a police a computer system and that city was St. Louis. Four years later there was a least 10 states and 50 cities had a state level a criminal justice information system. Now almost every city in the USA has some sort of system (Siegel & Worrall, 2012). In 1967, Florida became one of the 50 states to cooperate the National Crime Information Center Known as NCIC. This system provides rapid collect and retrieval of data about wanted fugitives, locating stolen property, locating missing people and protecting law enforcement and the public (Siegel & Worrall, 2012). The FBI maintains the host computer that provide telecommunication network to the CJIS Systems Agency in every official state (Mass.gov website). Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS)

Automated Fingerprint Identification System is a type of biometric system that uses a digital imaging to capture a fingerprint that can be compared to a database records to determine a person identity (webopedia). The use of AFIS is growing in the United States This system can classify fingerprints and identify 250 characteristics of the print. AFIS use high speed silicon chips to plot each and every detail and count the number of ridges in a person’s fingers and palm (Siegel & Worrall, 2012 pg. 195). I fingerprints 25 to 35 inmates a day on AFIS and it a wonderful tool because with a couple of minute their fingerprint will be sent to Washington D.C and I can identify the person and have their whole entire criminal history. Combined DNA Index System (CODIS)

In the late 1980s, the federal government laid the groundwork for a system of national, state, and local DNA databases for the storage and exchange of DNA profiles....
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