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Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading text? Yes If the statement agrees with the views of the writer No If the statement contradicts the views of the writer Not Given If it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

1. The Midocean Ridge is largely the same as when the continents emerged. 2. We can make an appropriate calculation of the percentage of the ocean which sunlight penetrates. 3. Many unexpected scientific phenomena came to light when exploration of the Midocean Ridge began. 4. The number of people exploring the abyss has risen sharply in the 21st century. 5. One danger of the darkness is that deep sea vehicles become entangled in vegetation. 6. The construction of submersibles offers little protection from the cold at great depths.

Complete the summary using the list of words, A-I, below.

Deep diving craft

A diving craft has to be 7. ……………enough to cope with the enormous pressure of the abyss, which is capable of crushing almost anything. Unlike creatures that live there, which are not 8. …………....because they contain compressed water, a submersible is filled with 9.…………….if it has a weak spot in its construction, there will be a 10. …………………explosion of water into the craft.

A oceanB air C deep
D hollowE sturdy F atmosphere
G energetic H violent I heavy

Answer sheet:
1. No
2. Yes
3. Yes
4. NG
5. NG
6. Yes
7. E
8. D
9. B
10. H
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