Technical Textile

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TECHNICAL TEXTILES: AN OVERVIEW

A

Project

Submitted to VJTI

IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE

REQUIREMENT FOR THE DIPLOMA

IN

LICENTIATE TEXTILE CHEMISTRY

BY

MR. OMKAR GHAG
MR. PRASHANT MAHADIK
MR. SASHANK CHOUGHULE
MR. PRITAM KARKARE
MR. ATUL THORAT

VEERMATA JIJABAI TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE
MATUNGA, MUMBAI – 400019.

April - 2009

Index

|Sr. No |Topic |Page no. | |1. |Introduction |3 | |2. |Technical textile : present & future |5 | |3. |Classification |6 | |4. |Geo textile |7 | |5. |Medical textile |12 | |6. |Automobile textile |19 | |7. |Eco friendly textiles |26 | |8. |Sports textile |30 | |9. |Protective textile |34 | |10. |Agricultural textiles |38 | |11. |Textiles in Aerospace applications |45 | |12. |Nonwovens |48 | |13. |Interior Textiles |51 | |14. |Conclusion |55 | |15. |References |56 |

1. INTRODUCTION:-

Textiles materials used primarily for their technical performance and functional properties rather than their aesthetic and decorative values are commonly known as technical/industrial textiles. Thousands of years ago textile materials were used in different forms such as sail cloth, tent, protective garments, ropes etc. basically these were all technical textiles and were mainly used for their technical performance. Over the year, the focus on the textile materials has shifted from general to specific applications. Textiles are no longer limited to the primary function of covering the human body, although clothing is one of the three basic human needs. The diversification and the technological advancement of textile sciences to such an extent no area seems to be untouched by textiles. Few decades back it would have been hard to believe textiles could be used in human organs transplantation, but today the same has been realized in practice. Be it automotive, aerospace, construction, electronic or any other industry–the presence of textiles has been vivid in every area. Technical and industrial textiles have fitted into the every hook and corner of human society. Technical textiles are finding increased application in today’s world. It won’t be an exaggeration to predict these (technical textiles) to be the textiles of 21st century....
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